Towards low-carbon cities in China: integrating greenhouse gas management in urban planning
2014 (English)In: Resilience – The New Research Frontier, Trondheim: Norwegian University of Science and Technology , 2014, 150-164 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Low-carbon development has been proposed as one of the key national environmental strategies by the central government of China. There are hundreds of Chinese cities that have set low-carbon goals and there are many types of plan within the urban planning system. However, these plans face great challenges. For example, the current urban planning approach focuses on spatial arrangements while it has difficulties in recognising the complexity of GHG metabolism. As another example, urban planning lacks stakeholder involvement and cooperation which contributes to the failure to monitor GHG emissions. This study compares the situation in China with that experienced in Stockholm, Sweden and proposes an approach to improve low-carbon planning. This approach involves integrating GHG accounting into urban planning based on Industrial Ecology knowledge. Using lessons learnt from the Eco-Cycle Model 2.0 in Stockholm, the study highlights the intimate relationship between energy consumption and GHG emissions in Chinese cities, which requires integrating energy systems thinking and GHG thinking into the urban planning process. A life cycle perspective is needed in urban planning to integrate parallel energy consumption and GHG emissions budgeting in different urban sectors. Furthermore, a GHG metabolic approach may become a broad platform for communicating low-carbon development among different stakeholders in a city.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trondheim: Norwegian University of Science and Technology , 2014. 150-164 p.
Low-carbon city, urban planning, GHG metabolism
Research subject Industrial Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-174074ISBN: 978-82-91917-34-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-174074DiVA: diva2:857552
Proceedings of the 20th International Sustainable Development Research Conference Trondheim 18-20 June 2014
QC 201509292015-09-292015-09-292015-09-29Bibliographically approved