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Forest residues as renewable resources for bio-based polymeric materials and bioenergy: chemical composition, structure and thermal properties
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
2015 (English)In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 22, no 5, 3409-3423 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The potential of three different logging residues (woody chips, branches and pine needles) as renewable resources to produce environmentally friendly polymeric materials and/or biofuel has been critically evaluated in terms of their structure, chemical composition and thermal properties. Woody chips constitute the most attractive forest residue to be processed into polymeric materials in terms of their highest cellulose content, crystallinity and thermal stability. In contrast, pine needles and branches offer higher heating values and optimum product distribution for solid fuel applications due to their higher lignin content. In general, forest residual biomass has great potential for conversion into new added value products, such as composites or solid biofuel, thus constituting a sustainable waste management procedure from a biorefinery perspective. The correlation between the chemical and structural properties with the thermal/pyrolytic behavior of residual biomass offers valuable insights to assess their sustainable exploitation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
[Moriana, Rosana; Ek, Monica] KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Chem Sci & Engn, Div Wood Chem & Pulp Technol, Dept Fibre & Polymer Technol, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden. [Vilaplana, Francisco] Royal Inst Technol, Sch Biotechnol, Albanova Univ Ctr, Div Glycosci, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden., 2015. Vol. 22, no 5, 3409-3423 p.
Keyword [en]
Forest residues, Thermal behavior, Chemical composition, Structure, Bioenergy, Bio-based polymeric materials
National Category
Polymer Technologies Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-174210DOI: 10.1007/s10570-015-0738-4ISI: 000361002000043ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84941417600OAI: diva2:861364

QC 20151016

Available from: 2015-10-16 Created: 2015-10-02 Last updated: 2015-10-16Bibliographically approved

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