Non-destructive condition monitoring of aged ethylene-propylene copolymer cable insulation samples using dielectric spectroscopy and NMR spectroscopy
2015 (English)In: Polymer testing, ISSN 0142-9418, E-ISSN 1873-2348, Vol. 46, 72-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The causes of changes in dielectric response as a result of thermal and irradiative ageing of cable insulation of ethylene propylene copolymer rubber containing 38 wt.% filler were investigated. Samples were aged in three different combinations of irradiation dose rate and temperature, 0.42 kGy h(-1) at 85 degrees C, and 1.58 kGy h(-1) at 55 and 85 degrees C, and subsequently studied by dielectric spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy using a portable spectrometer, and tensile testing. The extractable mass fraction and density were determined and related to the imaginary part of the dielectric permittivity at 100 kHz. The ageing led to an increase in the dielectric permittivity, stiffness, density and degree of oxidation, together with a decrease in both strain-at-break and relaxation time, as revealed by NMR spectroscopy. Except for the strain-at-break, the properties changed in a linear fashion with increasing imaginary part of the dielectric permittivity at 100 kHz, with particularly good agreement with respect to the density. As these properties are affected by the degree of oxidation, the results show that both NMR using a portable spectrometer and dielectric spectroscopy can be used as condition monitoring techniques to detect the degree of oxidation in complex systems such as filled copolymers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 46, 72-78 p.
Ethylene propylene rubber, Radiation ageing, Thermal ageing, Dielectric response, Portable NMR spectrometer, Condition monitoring
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-174932DOI: 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2015.07.002ISI: 000361160100012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84937207340OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-174932DiVA: diva2:861860
FunderSwedish Radiation Safety Authority, SSM 202-593
QC 201510192015-10-192015-10-092015-11-25Bibliographically approved