Low-Complexity Scalable Iterative Algorithms for IEEE 802.11p Receivers
2015 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, ISSN 0018-9545, E-ISSN 1939-9359, Vol. 64, no 9, 3944-3956 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper, we investigate receivers for vehicle-to- vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications. Vehicular channels are characterized by multiple paths and time variations, which introduce challenges in the design of receivers. We propose an algorithm for IEEE 802.11p-compliant receivers, based on orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM). We employ iterative structures in the receiver as a way to estimate the channel despite variations within a frame. The channel estimator is based on factor graphs (FGs), which allow the design of soft iterative receivers while keeping acceptable computational complexity. Throughout this paper, we focus on designing a receiver that offers a good complexity-performance tradeoff. Moreover, we propose a scalable algorithm to be able to tune the tradeoff, depending on the channel conditions. Our algorithm allows reliable communications while offering a considerable decrease in computational complexity. In particular, numerical results show the tradeoff between complexity and performance measured in computational time and bit error rate (BER), as well as frame error rate (FER) achieved by various interpolation lengths used by the estimator, which both outperform by decades the standard least squares (LS) solution. Furthermore, our adaptive algorithm shows a considerable improvement in terms of computational time and complexity against state-of-the-art and classical receptors while showing acceptable BER and FER performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 64, no 9, 3944-3956 p.
Channel estimation, IEEE 802.11p standard, time-varying channels, vehicular technology, wireless communication
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-175508DOI: 10.1109/TVT.2014.2366155ISI: 000361680900008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84942357807OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-175508DiVA: diva2:862278
QC 201510212015-10-212015-10-162015-10-21Bibliographically approved