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New materials in sliding bearings
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nya material för glidlager (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Increasing demands for lower emissions from heavy trucks and buses creates new demands on the components in the engine. One such component is the journal bearing which is used at many positions in the engine. Implementing a start-stop system in a truck engine leads to that the crankshaft journal bearing gets worn out too quickly. A journal bearing is a sliding bearing with a constant flow of oil. When the journal starts rotating an oil film is formed between the bearing and the journal, separating the journal from the bearing surface when the rotational speed is high enough. When this happens a hydrodynamic oil film is formed. During start and stop the bearing and journal passes through boundary and mixed lubrication regimes. The increase in starts and stops leads to a vast increase in the time that the bearing is experiencing boundary and mixed lubrication. During these regimes the journal comes in contact with the bearing surface and eventually leads to wear. This thesis has compared two new materials provided by Höganäs AB with an existing bearing as a reference material. The new materials were laser cladded onto bearing shells and sent to Scania for grinding and testing. The thought was to use a start-stop test rig at KTH that simulates start-stop cycles. The reference bearings were first run in the test rig, but when the shells with the new materials arrived it turned out that they would not fit in the test rig. This created the need for a new test method on a short notice and a reciprocating tribometer at Scania was chosen. The tribometer underwent a number of modifications to be able to fit the samples. Five tests with each new material and the reference material were carried out. The tests ran for 60 minutes except for a long term test that ran for 600 minutes. The results showed that the material designated “S”, which had a solid lubricant, had a coefficient of friction similar to the reference material, but produced less wear and could handle a higher load. The thesis has also proved that the start-stop test rig at KTH works well and can deliver reliable results.

Abstract [sv]

På grund av skärpta miljökrav för tunga lastbilar och bussar ökar kraven på motorns komponenter. En av dessa komponenter är radialglidlager som används på många platser i motorn. Implementering av start-stoppsystem i en lastbilsmotor leder till att vevaxellagren slits ut i förtid. Ett radialglidlager är ett glidlager med ett kontant tillflöde av olja. När axeln börjar rotera skapas det en oljefilm mellan lagerytan och axeln. När rotationshastigheten är tillräckligt hög bär oljefilmen lasten och separerar axeln och lagerytan. Då har det bildats en fullfilm. Under start och stopp passerar lagret genom smörjregimerna gränsskiktssmörjning och blandsmörjning. Ökningen av start och stopp leder till en stor ökning av tiden som lagret upplever gränsskiktsoch blandsmörjning. Under dessa regimer är axeln och lagerytan i kontakt vilket leder till nötning. Detta examensarbete har jämfört två nya material från Höganäs AB med ett existerande lager som referens. De två nya materialen påsvetsades på lagerskålar och skickades till Scania för att slipas och testas. Tanken var att använda en start-stopprigg på KTH som simulerar startstoppcykler. Till att börja med kördes referenslagren i riggen, men när lagerskålarna med de nya materialen levererades visade det sig att de inte passade i testriggen. Detta innebar att en ny testmetod behövdes tas fram med kort varsel och valet föll på en reciprocerande tribometer på Scania. Tribometern var tvungen att modifieras för att proverna skulle passa. Fem test med varje material utfördes. Varje test tog 60 minuter, förutom ett långtidstest som kördes under 600 minuter. Resultaten visade att materialet kallat ”S”, vilket inkorporerade ett fast smörjmedel, hade en friktionskoefficient som liknade referensmaterialets, men producerade mindre nötning och klarade av en högre last. Examensarbetet har också kunnat påvisa att start-stoppriggen på KTH fungerar väl och kan leverera konsekventa resultat.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 52 p.
Series
MMK 2015:56 MKN 149
Keyword [en]
Sliding bearing, wear, start-stop, hydrodynamic lubrication
Keyword [sv]
Glidlager, nötning, start stopp, fullfilmssmörjning
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-175891OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-175891DiVA: diva2:864154
External cooperation
Scania CV AB
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-11-03 Created: 2015-10-26 Last updated: 2015-11-03Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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