Optimization of hybrid renewable energy polygeneration system with membrane distillation for rural households in Bangladesh
2015 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 93, 1116-1126 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Despite the country's rural electrification program, kerosene is the predominant source for lighting, and woody biomass is virtually the only option available for cooking. The rural population also struggles with unsafe drinking water in terms of widespread arsenic contamination of well water. Biogas plants and pV are individually impractical to serve both cooking, lighting and water purification systems, and their combined applications are extremely limited. This study considers a holistic approach towards tackling both of these issues via integrated renewable energy-based polygeneration employed at the village level. The polygeneration unit under consideration provides electricity via a pV array and animal and agriculture waste-fed digester, which in turn is coupled to a gas engine. Excess digester gas is employed for cooking and lighting, while waste heat from the process drives a membrane distillation unit for water purification. Technical assessments and optimization have been conducted with HOMER (Hybrid Optimization of Multiple Energy Resources). Results show that daily electricity demand can be met with such a system while simultaneously providing 0.4 m3 cooking fuel and 2e3 L pure drinking water. Cost estimates indicate that this approach is highly favorable to other renewable options. The pay back period of such system is between 3 and 4 years.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 93, 1116-1126 p.
Biogas digesters; Solar pV; Membrane distillation; Decentralized energy system
Energy Engineering Energy Systems Economics Water Treatment
Research subject Energy Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-176017DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2015.09.109ISI: 000367630200100ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84949679503OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-176017DiVA: diva2:865323
QC 20151028. QC 201602032015-10-272015-10-272016-02-03Bibliographically approved