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Integration environmental aspects into product development: proactive measures
KTH, Superseded Departments, Machine Design.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4488-1028
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Environmental concern has greatly increased in magnitude within the companies of Swedish industry. Product development has become a strategic area: the environmental adaptation of products is fundamental for a decrease in environmental impact from human activities, and product development is an area of the greatest importance to the competitiveness of companies. Integrating environmental aspects into product development at operations level is needed to achieve product improvements.

The theme of this thesis is how to integrate environmental aspects into product development. An overarching purpose has been to identify adequate activities and changes required for integration. Great importance has been attached to conducting changes, especially by investigating how successfully to implement support tools in product development. Qualitative research interviews have been used to collect empirical data. Conclusions on measures industrially applicable to enabling the integration of environmental aspects have been drawn, as empirical data and experiences have been accumulated. Environmental aspects give rise to new considerations in product development: causal relationships between products and environmental impact; the life-cycle approach; and, new priorities and trade-offs between function, cost and quality of products. A need for activities supporting these considerations is identified; and, preferably, several activities, concerning knowledge development, work procedures and support tools, should be applied. It is also important to identify environmental actors for providing expertise and enthusiasm in the organisation. The implementation of support tools has to be carefully considered. To guide such implementation a framework with key factors has been developed. The framework suggests a cyclical implementation process, identification of the organisational change field, and consistent management behaviour. Keys to successful implementation are goal setting, knowledge development, adequate resources, anchoring at all levels, and a focus on individuals. To stay competitive, companies need to be proactive and respond to the driving forces underlying environmental adaptation. To make possible the environmental adaptation of products, several measures are needed. The following proactive measures have been identified:

  • Management ought to set direction with a comprehensive view on business development and physical flows in the business.
  • Commitment to desired change must be created to make sure changes are accepted and durable.
  • Knowledge and skills need to be developed with an action learning approach.
  • Work procedures need to be adjusted to include environmental criteria and secure interaction between product developers and environmental experts.
  • Support tools can support a structured approach and enable rapid progress to be attained.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2000. , x, 57 p.
Series
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2000:6
Keyword [en]
Ecodesign, integrated product development, environmental aspects
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-2936OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-2936DiVA: diva2:8674
Public defence
2000-03-21, 00:00
Note
QC 20100623Available from: 2000-06-09 Created: 2000-06-09 Last updated: 2010-06-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Life-Cycle Assessment, Implementation and Use in Swedish Industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Life-Cycle Assessment, Implementation and Use in Swedish Industry
1996 (English)In: Proceedings of NordDesign ’96, August 28-30, Helsinki, Finland., 1996, 125-132 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Implementation and use of LCA in industry has been investigated as a part of clarifyinghow product development is changed and has to be changed to meet the needs ofdeveloping environmentally sound products. Present use of LCA and the effects of thisuse on products and the product development processes indicate a belief in LCA as asupport tool in industry. A wider implementation of LCA in industry requiresimprovements of tools, training of potential users and procedures for integrating LCA inproduct development processes.

Keyword
Design for environment, product development, life-cycle assessment, industrial experiences
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13668 (URN)
Note
QC 20100623Available from: 2010-06-23 Created: 2010-06-23 Last updated: 2010-06-23Bibliographically approved
2. Environmentally Friendly Product Development: Activities in Industrial Companies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmentally Friendly Product Development: Activities in Industrial Companies
1998 (English)In: IEEE EMS International Engineering Management Conference, May 3-5, 1998, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1998, 502-507 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13672 (URN)
Note
QC 20100623Available from: 2010-06-23 Created: 2010-06-23 Last updated: 2010-06-23Bibliographically approved
3. Implementation of Environmental Management Systems in Swedish Industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementation of Environmental Management Systems in Swedish Industry
1999 (English)In: Proceedings from 1st International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing: EcoDesign 99, February 1-3, Tokyo, Japan, 1999, 539-544 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13674 (URN)
Note
QC 20100623Available from: 2010-06-23 Created: 2010-06-23 Last updated: 2010-06-23Bibliographically approved
4. Environmental Consciousness in Integrated Product Development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental Consciousness in Integrated Product Development
1999 (English)In: Proceedings from 1st International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing: EcoDesign 99,February 1-3, Tokyo, Japan, 1999, 346-350 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13675 (URN)
Note
QC 20100623Available from: 2010-06-23 Created: 2010-06-23 Last updated: 2010-06-23Bibliographically approved
5. Performing Changes in Product Development: an Implementation Framework with Keys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performing Changes in Product Development: an Implementation Framework with Keys
2000 (English)In: Journal of engineering design (Print), ISSN 0954-4828, E-ISSN 1466-1837, Vol. 12, no 3, 172-190 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Industrial product development requires continuous improvements in work procedures as a result of constantly changing demands. Support tools have proven to be an oft chosen way to meet new demands; however, few research efforts have been made in how to implement new tools. This article is a contribution to knowledge on carrying out the implementation of support tools. The basis consists of four field studies performed during 1994–1999, containing 78 qualitative research interviews and focusing on the implementation and use of different support tools. A re-analysis has been performed of selected interviews from the field studies, in total 30 interviews. This resulted in recommendations for an implementation framework, consisting of an Implementation Cycle, Organizational Change Field and Managerial Consistence, and five implementation keys: Goal setting, Kowledge Development, Anchoring at All Levels, Suitable Resources and Focus on the Individual.

Keyword
Change, Continuous improvements, Product development, Support tools
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13700 (URN)10.1007/s001630050032 (DOI)
Note
QC 20100623Available from: 2010-06-23 Created: 2010-06-23 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
6. Actions for Integrating Environmental Aspects into Product Development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Actions for Integrating Environmental Aspects into Product Development
2001 (English)In: Journal of Sustainable Product Design, ISSN 1367-6679, E-ISSN 1573-1588, Vol. 1, no 2, 91-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper is based on twenty-eight interviews in four Swedish companies – three of which consider themselves as the best practitioners in Evironmentally Conscious Design (ECD) and one that has recently begun to integrate environmental features into product development (referred to as the non-practice company). Based on earlier research, several important factors for a successful change in product development were investigated. The need to integrate environmental concerns into the non-practice company''s product development is described, along with problems arising from the implementation of ECD and the solutions adopted by the best-practice companies. Lastly, six ways of integrating environmental aspects are identified in the areas management, individual behaviour, resources, formal product development procedures, support tools, and competence development.

National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13701 (URN)10.1023/A:1014446421205 (DOI)
Note
QC 20100623Available from: 2010-06-23 Created: 2010-06-23 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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