Post-crosslinking towards stimuli-responsive sodium alginate beads for the removal of dye and heavy metals
2015 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 133, 587-595 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Post-crosslinking as a new strategy to prepare sodium alginate (SA) beads with controllable swelling behavior, pH sensitivity and adsorption capacity was developed by using the solution of glutaraldehyde (GA), acetic acid and hydrochloric acid as the coagulating agent, for which could be used to fabricate polysaccharide beads in a large scale. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis convinced the successful cross-linking of SA by GA. The macro-porous structures of the beads were observed by scanning electron microscopy. Both acetic acid and hydrochloric acid had great effects on the swelling behavior and pH sensitivity of the SA beads. The SA beads could adsorb cationic dye (methylene blue) as high as 572 mg/g and other metal ions (Cu2+, Ag+ and Fe3+). The adsorption processes fitted well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Freundlich isotherm. The large-scale production of SA beads with tunable properties opens a new route to industrially utilize polysaccharide beads in wastewater treatments, intelligent separation and so on.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 133, 587-595 p.
SA beads, Post-crosslinking, Swelling behavior, pH sensitivity, Adsorption capacity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-175900DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.07.048ISI: 000361920900071PubMedID: 26344317ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84938507404OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-175900DiVA: diva2:869124
QC 201511132015-11-132015-10-262015-11-13Bibliographically approved