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Vulnerability and resilience of transport systems: A discussion of recent research
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9507-9185
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4106-3126
2015 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 81, 16-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The transport system is critical to the welfare of modern societies. This article provides an overview of recent research on vulnerability and resilience of transport systems. Definitions of vulnerability and resilience are formulated and discussed together with related concepts. In the increasing and extensive literature of transport vulnerability studies, two distinct traditions are identified. One tradition with roots in graph theory studies the vulnerability of transport networks based on their topological properties. The other tradition also represents the demand and supply side of the transport systems to allow for a more complete assessment of the consequences of disruptions or disasters for the users and society. The merits and drawbacks of the approaches are discussed. The concept of resilience offers a broader socio-technical perspective on the transport system's capacity to maintain or quickly recover its function after a disruption or a disaster. The transport resilience literature is less abundant, especially concerning the post-disaster phases of response and recovery. The research on transport system vulnerability and resilience is now a mature field with a developed methodology and a large amount of research findings with large potential practical usefulness. The authors argue that more cross-disciplinary collaborations between authorities, operators and researchers would be desirable to transform this knowledge into practical strategies to strengthen the resilience of the transport system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 81, 16-34 p.
Keyword [en]
Disruption, Graph theory, Reliability, Resilience, Transport networks, Vulnerability, Disasters, Reliability theory, Topology, Transportation, Cross-disciplinary collaborations, Demand and supply, Socio-technical perspective, Topological properties, disaster management, graphical method, network analysis, reliability analysis, strategic approach, transportation system
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-176227DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2015.06.002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84939574266OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-176227DiVA: diva2:871594
Note

QC 20151116

Available from: 2015-11-16 Created: 2015-11-02 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Mattsson, Lars-GöranJenelius, Erik

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