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Voice Source Variation Between Vowels in Male Opera Singers
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH. University College of Music Education, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Voice, ISSN 0892-1997, E-ISSN 1873-4588Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The theory of nonlinear source-filter interaction predicts that the glottal voice source should be affected by the frequency relationship between formants and partials. An attempt to experimentally verify this theory is presented. Study design: Glottal voice source and electrolaryngograph (ELG) signal differences between vowels were analyzed in vowel sequences, sung at four pitches with the same degree of vocal loudness by professional opera singers. In addition, the relationships between such differences and the frequency distance between the first formant (F1) and its closest partial were examined. Methods: A digital laryngograph microprocessor was used to simultaneously record audio and ELG signals. The former was inverse filtered, and voice source parameters and formant frequencies were extracted. The amplitude quotient of the derivative of the ELG signal (AQ<inf>dELG</inf>) and the contact quotient were also compared. Results: A one-way repeated-measures ANOVA revealed significant differences between vowels, for contact quotient at four pitches and for maximum flow declination rate (MFDR) at three pitches. For other voice source parameters, differences were found at one or two pitches only. No consistent correlation was found between MFDR and the distance between F1 and its closest partial. Conclusions: The glottal voice source tends to vary between vowels, presumably because of source-filter interaction, but the variation does not seem to be dependent on the frequency distance between F1 and its closest partial.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mosby Inc. , 2015.
Keyword [en]
Electrolaryngograph, Formant frequencies, Inverse-filtering, Sung vowels, Voice source
National Category
Music Other Engineering and Technologies
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177255DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2015.07.010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84940826653OAI: diva2:872620

QC 20151119

Available from: 2015-11-19 Created: 2015-11-17 Last updated: 2015-11-19Bibliographically approved

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