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Gaming, urban planning and transportation design process
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering. (VÅRDLOGISTIK)
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering. (VÅRDLOGISTIK)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1126-3781
2015 (English)In: Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, 2015, Vol. 213, 297-312 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In today’s urban planning, two perspectives dominate the discourse: a technical-rational perspective and a communicative rational perspective. Bridging the dichotomy between the two perspectives and situating new planning support methods within the context of complexity theories leads to new structures for planning support systems. The implications of the inherent complex nature of planning when bridging these perspectives should be taken into account for new planning processes and support systems. The development of such methods requires an iterative cycle between methodological and technological aspects of tool development. The chapter presents a technical framework that enables the development of methods integrating both perspectives. The framework derives its requirements from the integration of the two perspectives, and is evaluated in the context of two design case studies in the cities of Stockholm and Paris. The development of the framework and method has implications for the design of tools in urban planning. The tools need to reflect the open nature of the complex systems they represent and operate in. Such methods also expand the boundaries of the design space, allowing for previously unknown configurations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 213, 297-312 p.
Series
Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, ISSN 1863-2351
Keyword [en]
Design, Iterative methods, Urban planning, Complexity theory, Design case studies, Iterative cycles, Planning process, Planning support systems, Technical frameworks, Technological aspects, Tool development, Urban transportation
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177245DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-18368-8_16ISI: 000380473900016Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84937413185ISBN: 9783319183671 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-177245DiVA: diva2:872672
Conference
Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management Conference, CUPUM 2015, 7 July 2015 through 10 July 2015
Note

QC 20151119

Available from: 2015-11-19 Created: 2015-11-17 Last updated: 2017-06-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Integrating Computational and Participatory Simulations for Design in Complex Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrating Computational and Participatory Simulations for Design in Complex Systems
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The understanding and conceptualization of cities and its constituent systems such as transportation and healthcare as open and complex is shifting the debates around the technical and communicative rationales of planning. Viewing cities in a holistic manner presents methodological challenges, where our understanding of complexity is applied in a tangible fashion to planning processes. Bridging the two rationales in the tools and methodologies of planning is necessary for the emergence of a 'non-linear rationality' of planning, one that accounts for and is premised upon complexity. Simulations representing complex systems provide evidence and support for planning, and have the potential to serve as an interface between the more abstract and political decision making and the material city systems.

Moving beyond current planning methods, this thesis explores the role of simulations in planning. Recognizing the need for holistic representations, the thesis integrates multiple disparate simulations into a holistic whole achieving complex representations of systems. These representations are then applied and studied in an interactive environment to address planning problems in different contexts. The thesis contributes an approach towards the development of complex representations of systems; improvements on participatory methods to integrate computational simulations; a nuanced understanding of the relative value of simulation constructs; technologies and frameworks that facilitate the easy development of integrated simulations that can support participatory planning processes.

The thesis develops contributions through experiments which involved problems and stakeholders from real world systems. The approach towards development of integrated simulations is realized in an open source framework. The framework creates computationally efficient, scalable and interactive simulations of complex systems, which used in a participatory manner delivers tangible plans and designs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 43 p.
Series
TRITA-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2017:9
Keyword
distributed simulations, interactive, participatory, gaming, complexity theory, fidelity
National Category
Computer Systems
Research subject
Technology and Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-208170 (URN)978-91-7729-466-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-08-25, Lecture Hall T1, Hälsovägen 11C, Huddinge, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 609042
Note

QC 20170602

Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved

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Meijer, Sebastiaan

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