Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Nanostructure evolution and mechanical property changes during aging of a super duplex stainless steel at 300°C
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering. (ENHETEN STRUKTURER)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1102-4342
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: Materials Science & Engineering: A, ISSN 0921-5093, E-ISSN 1873-4936, Vol. 647, p. 241-248, article id 32735Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Description
Abstract [en]

The nanostructure evolution and the corresponding changes in mechanical properties of a super duplex stainless steel 2507 (UNS S32750) during aging at 300. °C up to 12,000. h have been investigated. Microstructural studies using transmission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography show that subtle Cr concentration fluctuations develop during aging. The amplitude of the concentration fluctuations is proportional to the hardness of the ferrite phase, and it is also proportional to the decrease in room temperature impact toughness during aging. The fracture behaviour of the alloy changes gradually from ductile to cleavage fracture, upon aging. The cracks were found to propagate through the ferrite phase, partly along deformation twin interfaces, and delamination between the austenite and ferrite phases was observed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 647, p. 241-248, article id 32735
Keywords [en]
Atom probe tomography (APT), Duplex stainless steel, Mechanical properties, Phase separation, Spinodal decomposition, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Brittle fracture, Ductile fracture, Electron microscopy, Failure (mechanical), Ferrite, Fracture, Fracture mechanics, High resolution transmission electron microscopy, Nanostructures, Probes, Transmission electron microscopy, Atom-probe tomography, Cleavage fracture, Concentration fluctuation, Cr concentration, Fracture behaviour, Room temperature, Super duplex stainless steel, Stainless steel
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177210DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2015.09.009ISI: 000364250100030Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84941633959OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-177210DiVA, id: diva2:874037
Note

QC 20151125

Available from: 2015-11-25 Created: 2015-11-17 Last updated: 2018-05-09Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Precipitation in Advanced Stainless Steels
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Precipitation in Advanced Stainless Steels
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Advanced stainless steels often suffer from complex precipitation behaviour due to the high levels of alloying elements needed to obtain their attractive properties. This demands a correct handling of the material to avoid formation of harmful phases during production, manufacturing and service. An understanding of the precipitation behaviour is thus essential in order to maintain the properties. This thesis has focused on two critical aspects for the duplex stainless steels, namely the precipitation of chromium nitrides and the phase separation in ferrite at low temperatures.

Phase separation can compromise the structural stability of duplex stainless steels if they are used in certain temperature ranges for a prolonged period of time. The degradation of mechanical properties can occur slowly and its relation to the evolving nanostructure is of interest for lifetime predictions. The nanostructure evolution and corresponding mechanical property changes during aging has therefore been studied for the duplex stainless steel 2507 by advanced characterisation, property testing and fractography. The loss of toughness and transition in fracture behaviour can be related to a reduced dislocation mobility in the decomposed ferrite as evident by the increased tendency for cleavage failure and deformation twinning. A simple relation between the chromium fluctuations, hardness and impact toughness could be identified.

Nitrides are formed isothermally if the material is held at a critical temperature for sufficient time, but the duplex stainless steels are also sensitive to non-equilibrium precipitation during cooling from high temperatures, for example, as in welding. A series of microscopy techniques and heat treatments in a dilatometer have been applied to study the precipitation behaviour of 2507 and its dependence on cooling rate and microstructure. The CrN, in addition to the expected Cr2N, was found to form upon rapid cooling. Electron diffraction studies revealed that CrN is most likely a forerunner to Cr2N which nucleates at the former. The Cr2N in turn acts as nucleation sites for intragranular secondary austenite if a second short-term heat treatment is made, a situation that might occur during multipass welding.

The non-equilibrium nitride formation is closely related to the austenite stability and transformation during cooling, and the ferrite grain size. The high-temperature phase equilibria were therefore studied for four duplex stainless steels using in situ neutron scattering. The existence of a fully ferritic state was confirmed and the austenite stability measured. The data can be used for improving the precision of CALPHAD databases for the duplex stainless steels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, 2018. p. 61
National Category
Materials Engineering
Research subject
Materials Science and Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227303 (URN)978-91-7729-774-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-08, B2, Brinellvägen 23, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20180509

Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-07 Last updated: 2018-05-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Odqvist, Joakim

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Pettersson, N.Hedström, PeterOdqvist, Joakim
By organisation
Materials Science and Engineering
In the same journal
Materials Science & Engineering: A
Nano Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 166 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf