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Comparison of macro and femto cells considering power consumption
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Nowadays the traffic demand grows fast that requires careful chosen deployment strategy to increase capacity, but save investments. Another important subject is to save a power consumed mostly by base station itself and its backhaul network. So, what type of base stations must be chosen, what spectrum characteristics it has and what backhaul link is connected to it. All this aspects requires different approaches, as they have different capacity and cover characteristics. The motivation is to compare the solutions using different base station types and various backhaul solutions. The question if the spectral efficiency allows to increase the traffic throughput, it would decrease or increase power consumption and cost.

The modern technologies propose several options, ones of them are macro cellar and femtocell network. The macro cell has a great ability to cover a big area, while the femtocell has a good capacity possibilities. Moreover, femtocell partially are paid and installed by end-users that decrease the installation and electricity cost for operators. However, operator can reuse existed sites which decrease investment cost of macrocellular network. So, the first milestone is to find the way how to fairly compare two different types of technologies.

In this thesis the proposed scenario is composed in a very careful way to predict demand types, base stations possibilities and characteristics as well as the backhaul architecture. Then the more accurate model to deploy a femtocellular network has been described in detail. The more detailed cost strategy is introduced for backhaul solutions and described in detail. The power consumption calculations has been described in more clear way, to show the range of metrics, what value should it has: negative or positive. Some formulas is remade to reach more correct results. Another milestone is to bring all parameters to unique format that has been done to achieve right results. In the microwave backhaul solution, the topology case added and carefully described, because every topology case requires different formulas, in this thesis, the calculation steps for star and ring topologies presented. Steps how to calculate the base station radius depends on power characteristics of base station is provided. Since this thesis introduces improvements in several points, It is good guide to keep in track the received results and control the calculation process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 62 p.
TRITA-ICT-EX, 2013:288
National Category
Computer and Information Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177910OAI: diva2:874935
Available from: 2015-11-30 Created: 2015-11-30 Last updated: 2015-11-30Bibliographically approved

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