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Transport and location analysis
KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure and Planning.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1789-9238
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation consists of seven papers. InTime and income constraints in discrete choice models withan application to mode choice, we discuss how variouseffects of time and income constraints can be included indiscrete choice models. Several cases of indirect utilityfunctions are estimated and compared, showing that the obtainedvalues of time and elasticities can be very sensitive to modelspecification.

Three papers deal with the development of TILT, Tool forIntegrated analysis of Location and Transport, an integratedland use-transportation model for Stockholm. In the first,The influence of accessibility on residential location,we develop a theoretical framework for modeling thesimultaneous choice of location and travel pattern, showing howthe joint choice of location and average travel pattern can bemodeled. With focus on the location choice, we presentmethodology and results for an estimation of the framework. Inthe second,Integrated travel pattern modeling, the choice of travelpattern in is explained in detail, and estimation methodologyand results are presented.

In the third,A model for integrated analysis of household location andtravel choices(co-authored with Lars-Göran Mattsson),a different derivation of the framework is presented, with amore rigorous treatment of the stochasticity in the travelpattern. Using numerical simulation, we investigate theresulting travel demand functions.

InLocation and transport effects of road pricing - asimulation approach(co-authored with Lars-GöranMattsson), we develop a model of a generic city, usingparameter values from models estimated on real data of locationand travel. The model is used to investigate the effects ontransport and location of a road pricing reform and of a tollring around the city center.

Two papers deal with road pricing in the presence ofunobserved heterogeneity in user preferences. In the first,Road pricing with limited information and heterogeneoususers: a successful case, we show that if all users havethe same choice set and all alternatives have the same monetarycost, any toll reform that reduces aggregate travel time andredistributes the toll revenues equally to all users makeseveryone better off. In the second,The use of average values of time in road pricing - a noteon a common misconception, it is argued that the difficultyto convert time delays into monetary fees when users areheterogeneous has been underestimated or neglected, and thatthere is a common misconception that it is possible to use anaggregate time value for this conversion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2000. , 10 p.
Series
Trita-IP. FR, 00-79
Keyword [en]
transport, land use, models, location, logit, road pricing
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3021DiVA: diva2:8769
Public defence
2000-10-27, 00:00 (English)
Note
QC 20100528Available from: 2000-10-25 Created: 2000-10-25 Last updated: 2010-05-28Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Time and income constraints in discrete choice models with an application to mode choice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Time and income constraints in discrete choice models with an application to mode choice
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2000
National Category
Engineering and Technology Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13127 (URN)
Note

QC 20100528 NR 20140804

Available from: 2010-05-28 Created: 2010-05-28 Last updated: 2015-12-16Bibliographically approved
2. The influence of accessibility on residential location: theory and estimation of an integrated land use transportation model
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The influence of accessibility on residential location: theory and estimation of an integrated land use transportation model
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13129 (URN)
Note
QS 20120326Available from: 2010-05-28 Created: 2010-05-28 Last updated: 2012-03-26Bibliographically approved
3. Integrated travel pattern modeling: Theory and estimation of an integrated land use transportation model
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrated travel pattern modeling: Theory and estimation of an integrated land use transportation model
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13131 (URN)
Note
QS 20120326Available from: 2010-05-28 Created: 2010-05-28 Last updated: 2012-03-26Bibliographically approved
4. A model for integrated analysis of household location and travel choices
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A model for integrated analysis of household location and travel choices
2000 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 34, no 5, 375-394 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We develop a model for integrated analysis of household location and travel choices and investigate it from a theoretical point of view. Each household makes a joint choice of location (zone and house type) and a travel pattern that maximizes utility subject to budget and time constraints. Prices for housing are calculated so that demand equals supply in each submarket. The travel pattern consists of a set of expected trip frequencies to different destinations with different modes. The joint time and budget constraints ensure that time and cost sensitivities are consistent throughout the model. Choosing the entire travel pattern at once, as opposed to treating travel decisions as a series of isolated choices, allows the marginal utilities of trips to depend on which other trips are made. When choosing trip frequencies to destinations, households are assumed to prefer variation to an extent varying with the purpose of the trip. The travel pattern will tend to be more evenly distributed across trip ends the less similar destinations and individual preferences are. These heterogeneities of destinations and individual preferences, respectively, are expressed in terms of a set of parameters to be estimated.

Keyword
Land-use, Transport, Models, Nested logit
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13132 (URN)10.1016/S0965-8564(99)00038-5 (DOI)
Note

QC 20100528 NR 20140804

Available from: 2010-05-28 Created: 2010-05-28 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
5. Transport and Location Effects of Road Pricing: A Simulation Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transport and Location Effects of Road Pricing: A Simulation Approach
2001 (English)In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 35, no 3, 417-456 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effects of road pricing on transport and location patterns have been much discussed. However, it is unclear how large the effects are, and whether relocation of households, workplaces and shops will counteract or amplify the effects on transport. In this paper a model of a generic symmetric city is developed. The model is used to investigate the effects of road pricing in the form of congestion pricing and a toll ring. The results indicate that the impacts on location are small compared to the impacts on traffic volumes, modal split, and trip distances. The different effects of congestion pricing and toll rings at different positions are considered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Bath, 2001
Keyword
urban spatial structure, land-use, models, congestion, choice, logit, tolls
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13137 (URN)000173979900005 ()2-s2.0-0035714039 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20100528. QC 20160129

Available from: 2010-05-28 Created: 2010-05-28 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
6. Road pricing with limited information and heterogeneous users: A successful case
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Road pricing with limited information and heterogeneous users: A successful case
2001 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 35, no 4, 595-604 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since strictly optimal (first-best) road pricing policies require information that we will probably never have, it is important to investigate what can be done under more restrictive assumptions as to what information is available. One such case is examined in this paper, where the main restrictive assumptions are that all users have the same choice set and that all alternatives have the same monetary cost. Individuals have utility functions with constant marginal utilities of time and money, but these marginal utilities vary across individuals, and are assumed to be unobservable. We show that for this model, any toll reform that reduces aggregate travel time and redistributes the toll revenues equally to all users makes everyone better off. This holds regardless of the distribution of marginal utilities of time and money, and for any road network.

Keyword
CONGESTION, NETWORK, ROUTE, MODEL, PEAK
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13134 (URN)10.1007/s001680100061 (DOI)000174662800007 ()
Note
QC 20100528Available from: 2010-05-28 Created: 2010-05-28 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
7. The use of average values of time in road pricing: A note on common misconception
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The use of average values of time in road pricing: A note on common misconception
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2000
National Category
Engineering and Technology Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13135 (URN)
Note
QC 20100528 NR 20140804Available from: 2010-05-28 Created: 2010-05-28 Last updated: 2012-02-07Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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Output format
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