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Single Molecule Imaging Deciphers the Relation between Mobility and Signaling of a Prototypical G Protein-coupled Receptor in Living Cells.
Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4762-4887
2015 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 290, no 46, 27723-27735 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lateral diffusion enables efficient interactions between membrane proteins, leading to signal transmission across the plasma membrane. An open question is how the spatiotemporal distribution of cell surface receptors influences the transmembrane signaling network. Here we addressed this issue by studying the mobility of a prototypical G protein-coupled receptor, the neurokinin-1 receptor, during its different phases of cellular signaling. Attaching a single quantum dot to individual neurokinin-1 receptors enabled us to follow with high spatial and temporal resolution over long time regimes the fate of individual receptors at the plasma membrane. Single receptor trajectories revealed a very heterogeneous mobility distribution pattern with diffusion constants ranging from 0.0005 to 0.1 μm(2)/s comprising receptors freely diffusing and others confined in 100-600-nm-sized membrane domains as well as immobile receptors. A two-dimensional representation of mobility and confinement resolved two major, broadly distributed receptor populations, one showing high mobility and low lateral restriction and the other showing low mobility and high restriction. We found that about 40% of the receptors in the basal state are already confined in membrane domains and are associated with clathrin. After stimulation with an agonist, an additional 30% of receptors became further confined. Using inhibitors of clathrin-mediated endocytosis, we found that the fraction of confined receptors at the basal state depends on the quantity of membrane-associated clathrin and is correlated to a significant decrease of the canonical pathway activity of the receptors. This shows that the high plasticity of receptor mobility is of central importance for receptor homeostasis and fine regulation of receptor activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2015. Vol. 290, no 46, 27723-27735 p.
Keyword [en]
Cell signaling
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Biophysics
Research subject
Biological Physics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-178090DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M115.666677ISI: 000365757500025PubMedID: 26363070ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84946903219OAI: diva2:877634

QC 2016-02-11

Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2016-02-11Bibliographically approved

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Piguet, Joachim
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