Energy Efficient Sensor Activation for Water Distribution Networks Based on Compressive Sensing
2015 (English)In: IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, ISSN 0733-8716, E-ISSN 1558-0008, Vol. 33, no 12, 2997-3010 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The recent development of low cost wireless sensors enables novel internet-of-things (IoT) applications, such as the monitoring of water distribution networks. In such scenarios, the lifetime of the wireless sensor network (WSN) is a major concern, given that sensor node replacement is generally inconvenient and costly. In this paper, a compressive sensing-based scheduling scheme is proposed that conserves energy by activating only a small subset of sensor nodes in each timeslot to sense and transmit. Compressive sensing introduces a cardinality constraint that makes the scheduling optimization problem particularly challenging. Taking advantage of the network topology imposed by the IoT water monitoring scenario, the scheduling problem is decomposed into simpler subproblems, and a dynamic-programming-based solution method is proposed. Based on the proposed method, a solution algorithm is derived, whose complexity and energy-wise performance are investigated. The complexity of the proposed algorithm is characterized and its performance is evaluated numerically via an IoT emulator of water distribution networks. The analytical and numerical results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms state-of-the-art approaches in terms of energy consumption, network lifetime, and robustness to sensor node failures. It is argued that the derived solution approach is general and it can be potentially applied to more IoT scenarios such as WSN scheduling in smart cities and intelligent transport systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2015. Vol. 33, no 12, 2997-3010 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-178154DOI: 10.1109/JSAC.2015.2481199ISI: 000365223600040ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84960131576OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-178154DiVA: diva2:877656
QC 201512152015-12-072015-12-072016-04-20Bibliographically approved