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Scientists and Sea Ice Under Surveillance in the Early Cold War
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Manchester .ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0019-8251
2014 (English)In: The Surveillance Imperative: Geosciences During the Cold War and Beyond / [ed] Simone Turchetti and Peder Roberts, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 125-144 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

On February 24, 1958, 85 individuals from the United States, Canada, Europe, Japan, and the Soviet Union gathered in the small town of Easton, Maryland, for a conference on Arctic sea ice.1 Over four days they discussed a range of issues including the characteristics and physical composition of sea ice, its distribution and drift, and issues related to navigation and ice forecasting. Organized by the Earth Sciences Division of the United States National Academy of Sciences (NAS), at the behest of the Office of Naval Research (ONR), the conference was billed as an opportunity for the “productive exchange of facts and ideas.”2 The event reflected the rapid growth of interest in a scientific field with profound implications for military strategy in North America and commerce in the Soviet Union—and the desire for the United States to pick the brains of counterparts from around the world in a field where others almost certainly led, especially in terms of practical experience.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 125-144 p.
, Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-178187DOI: 10.1057/9781137438744_7ISBN: 978-1-349-49407-1ISBN: 978-1-137-43874-4OAI: diva2:877711

QC 20160125

Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2016-01-25Bibliographically approved

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