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Using Reduced Catalysts for Oxidation Reactions: Mechanistic Studies of the “Periana-Catalytica” System for CH4 Oxidation
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2013 (English)In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 135, no 39, 14644-14658 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Designing oxidation catalysts based on CH activation with reduced, low oxidation state species is a seeming dilemma given the proclivity for catalyst deactivation by overoxidation. This dilemma has been recognized in the Shilov system where reduced Pt-II is used to catalyze methane functionalization. Thus, it is generally accepted that key to replacing Pt-IV in that system with more practical oxidants is ensuring that the oxidant does not over-oxidize the reduced Pt-II species. The “Periana-Catalytica” system, which utilizes (bpym)-(PtCl2)-Cl-II in concentrated sulfuric acid solvent at 200 degrees C, is a highly stable catalyst for the selective, high yield oxy-functionalization of methane. In lieu of the over-oxidation dilemma, the high stability and observed rapid oxidation of (bpym)(PtCl2)-Cl-II to Pt-IV in the absence of methane would seem to contradict the originally proposed mechanism involving CH activation by a reduced Pt-II species. Mechanistic studies show that the originally proposed mechanism is incomplete and that while CH activation does proceed with Pt-II there is a solution to the over oxidation dilemma. Importantly, contrary to the accepted view to minimize Pt-II overoxidation, these studies also show that increasing that rate could increase the rate of catalysis and catalyst stability. The mechanistic basis for this counterintuitive prediction could help to guide the design of new catalysts for alkane oxidation that operate by CH activation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013. Vol. 135, no 39, 14644-14658 p.
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-178422DOI: 10.1021/ja404895zISI: 000326300500035Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84885114886OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-178422DiVA: diva2:877794
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QC 20151210

Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Ahlquist, Mårten

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