Decentralized desalination of brackish water using an electrodialysis system directly powered by wind energy
2016 (English)In: Desalination, ISSN 0011-9164, E-ISSN 1873-4464, Vol. 377, 54-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A novel directly coupled wind-electrodialysis system (wind-ED) with no energy storage was developed. The aim was to perform laboratory experiments, investigating the impact of wind speed (2-10 m/s), turbulence intensities (0-0.6 TI), and periods of oscillation (0-180 s) on desalination performance and energy consumption. The system produced good quality drinking water (<600 mg/L NaCl) over the range of parameters tested. Water production and energy consumption increased with wind speed, until both parameters levelled off at wind speeds above the rated value of the wind turbine (v(rated): 7.9-8.4 m/s). The impact of wind speed fluctuations on system performance was insignificant up to a TI of 0.4 (i.e., moderate fluctuations). The water production declined under high turbulence intensity fluctuations (TIs >= 0.5) and long periods of oscillation (>40 s). The main challenge in direct coupling of ED to wind energy was not the magnitude of fluctuations but the impact of power cycling off during long periods of oscillation and lengthy periods of no wind. Interestingly, the specific energy consumption of the process remained relatively unaffected by the fluctuations, suggesting the system to be an electrically robust and reliable off-grid desalination technique for remote water stressed locations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 377, 54-64 p.
Desalination, Electrodialysis, Renewable energy, Power fluctuation, Sustainable water provision, Wind
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177930DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2015.08.023ISI: 000363817400007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84941710434OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-177930DiVA: diva2:878187
QC 201512082015-12-082015-11-302015-12-08Bibliographically approved