Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Preferred self-to-other ratios in choir singing
KTH, Superseded Departments, Speech, Music and Hearing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3362-7518
1999 (English)In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 105, no 6, 3563-3574 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Choir singers need to hear their own voice in an adequate self-to-other ratio (SOR) over the rest ofthe choir. Knowing singers’ preferences for SOR could facilitate the design of stages and of choral formations. In an experiment to study the preferred SOR, subjects sang sustained vowels together with synthesized choir sounds, whose loudness tracked that of their own voice. They could control the SOR simply by changing their distance to the microphone. At the most comfortable location, the SOR was measured. Experimental factors included unison and four-part tasks, three vowels and two levels of phonation frequency. The same experiment was run four times, using sopranos, altos, tenors, and basses, with stimulus tones adapted for each category. The preferred self-to-other ratios were found to be similar to SORs measured previously in actual performance, if a little higher. Preferences were quite narrow, typically +/-2 dB for each singer, but very different from singer to singer, with intrasubject means ranging from -1 to +15 dB. There was no significant difference between the unison and the four-part tasks, although this might have been caused by systematic differences in the stimulus sounds. Some effects of phonation frequency and vowel were significant, but interdependent and difficult to interpret. The results and their relevance to live choir singing are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 105, no 6, 3563-3574 p.
Keyword [en]
acoustics, choir, hearing
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Speech and Music Communication
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-178794DOI: 10.1121/1.424680OAI: diva2:878308
Riksbankens JubileumsfondSwedish Research Council

NR 20150125

Available from: 2015-12-08 Created: 2015-12-08 Last updated: 2016-01-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ternström, Sten
By organisation
Speech, Music and Hearing
In the same journal
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 3 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link