Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
A Review of Eye Gaze in Virtual Agents, Social Robotics and HCI: Behaviour Generation, User Interaction and Perception
Trinity College Dublin.
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), High Performance Computing and Visualization (HPCViz).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7257-0761
University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Université catholique de Louvain.
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: Computer graphics forum (Print), ISSN 0167-7055, E-ISSN 1467-8659, Vol. 34, no 6, 299-326 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A person's emotions and state of mind are apparent in their face and eyes. As a Latin proverb states: ‘The face is the portrait of the mind; the eyes, its informers’. This presents a significant challenge for Computer Graphics researchers who generate artificial entities that aim to replicate the movement and appearance of the human eye, which is so important in human–human interactions. This review article provides an overview of the efforts made on tackling this demanding task. As with many topics in computer graphics, a cross-disciplinary approach is required to fully understand the workings of the eye in the transmission of information to the user. We begin with a discussion of the movement of the eyeballs, eyelids and the head from a physiological perspective and how these movements can be modelled, rendered and animated in computer graphics applications. Furthermore, we present recent research from psychology and sociology that seeks to understand higher level behaviours, such as attention and eye gaze, during the expression of emotion or during conversation. We discuss how these findings are synthesized in computer graphics and can be utilized in the domains of Human–Robot Interaction and Human–Computer Interaction for allowing humans to interact with virtual agents and other artificial entities. We conclude with a summary of guidelines for animating the eye and head from the perspective of a character animator.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. Vol. 34, no 6, 299-326 p.
Keyword [en]
facial animation;I.3.7 [Computer Graphics]: Three-Dimensional Graphics and Realism—Animation
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-178979DOI: 10.1111/cgf.12603ISI: 000362978000023ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84942371792OAI: diva2:878701

QC 20160126

Available from: 2015-12-09 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2016-01-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Peters, Christopher E.
By organisation
High Performance Computing and Visualization (HPCViz)
In the same journal
Computer graphics forum (Print)
Human Computer Interaction

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 54 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link