Control Lyapunov Functions: A Control Strategy for Damping of Power Oscillations in Large Power Systems
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
In the present climate of deregulation and privatisation, theutilities are often separated into generation, transmission anddistribution companies so as to help promote economic efficiencyand encourage competition. Also, environmental concerns,right-of-way and cost problems have delayed the construction ofboth generation facilities and new transmission lines while thedemand for electric power has continued to grow, which must bemet by increased loading of available lines. A consequence isthat power system damping is often reduced which leads to a poordamping of electromechanical power oscillations and/or impairmentof transient stability. The aim of this thesis is to examine theability of Controllable Series Devices (CSDs), such as
Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC)
Controllable Series Capacitor (CSC)
Quadrature Boosting Transformer (QBT)
for improving transient stability and damping ofelectromechanical oscillations in a power system.
For these devices, a general model is used in power systemanalysis. This model is referred to as injection model which isvalid for load flow and angle stability analysis. The model isalso helpful for understanding the impact of the CSDs on powersystem stability.
A control strategy for damping of electromechanical poweroscillations is also derived based on Lyapunov theory. Lyapunovtheory deals with dynamical systems without input. For thisreason, it has traditionally been applied only to closed-loopcontrol systems, that is, systems for which the input has beeneliminated through the substitution of a predetermined feedbackcontrol. However, in this thesis, Lyapunov function candidatesare used in feedback design itself by making the Lyapunovderivative negative when choosing the control. This controlstrategy is called Control Lyapunov Function (CLF) for systemswith control input.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2000. , xvi, 126 p.
UPFC, CSC, QBT, Lyapunov function, Control Lyapunov Function, SIME, Sliding mode
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3039DiVA: diva2:8788
QC 201006092000-11-232000-11-232010-06-09Bibliographically approved