Hearing myself with others: sound levels in choral performance measured with separation of one's own voice from the rest of the choir.
1994 (English)In: Journal of Voice, ISSN 0892-1997, E-ISSN 1873-4588, Vol. 8, no 4, 293-302 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The choir singer has two acoustic signals to attend to: the sound of his or her own voice (feedback), and the sound of the rest of the choir (reference). The balance in loudness between feedback and reference is governed mainly by the room acoustics. Although earlier experiments have shown that singers have a fairly large tolerance for imbalance, with references ranging from -23 to +5 dB, experience suggests that, when singers are given control over this parameter, their preferences are much narrower. A quantification of the optimum balance would be useful in the design of concert stages and rehearsal halls. A method is described for measuring the feedback and reference levels as experienced by singers under live performance conditions. Recordings were made using binaural microphones worn by choir singer subjects. With the given combination of choir and room, it was possible to achieve adequate separation of the feedback and reference signals with simple signal processing. The feedback-to-reference ratio averaged over the 12 singers was found to be +3.9 dB, with extremes of +1.5 and +7.3 dB.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 8, no 4, 293-302 p.
Choir singing; Sidetone; Feedback; Hearing-of-self; Masking; Ensemble; Chorus effect; Binaural; Room acoustics
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject Speech and Music Communication
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179052DOI: 10.1016/S0892-1997(05)80277-2PubMedID: 7858664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-179052DiVA: diva2:881145
FunderSwedish Research Council
Funded by Forskningsrådsnämnden, FRN
NR 201601252015-12-092015-12-092016-01-25Bibliographically approved