Since coined in the 1920s, technological determinism has caused widespread controversy. This paper aims to investigate the rationality and roadmap of technological determinism under the philosophy of technology. Technological determinism, social determinism of technology, social construction of technology, and social shaping of technology are examined in terms of technology and society. This study proposes dynamic technological determinism that technological development determines social changes with design and innovation approaches, and effectiveness and efficiency principles. This dynamic theory is argued based on the following theses: (a) humans create and use technology as technological masters and agents by design and innovation; (b) technology is autonomous in essence with technological rules; (c) technological development determines social change as the effective and efficient factor for historical progress; (d) society restricts technology and technology adapts to society; and (e) society is driven by technological design, innovation, effectiveness, and efficiency in a sociotechnical system. Finally, this study examines its implications for science, technology, human values, technological assessment, forecast, and policy. This dynamic determinism of technology practically sets scientific ethics, technological decisive status in technocratic pragmatism, human dignity and freedom in design and innovation, social context restriction, and the significances for technological assessment, forecasting, and policymaking.
Technological determinism; Philosophy of technology; Design; Innovation; Effectiveness; Efficiency