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Approaches for analysis of mutations and genetic variations
KTH, Superseded Departments, Biotechnology.
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Detecting mutations and genomic variations is fundamental indiagnosis, isolating disease genes, association studies,functional genomics and pharmacogenomics. The objective hasbeen to use and further develop a variety of tools andtechnologies to analyze these genetic alterations andvariations.

The p53 tumor suppressor gene and short arm of chromosome 9have been used as genetic markers to investigate fundamentalquestions concerning early events preceding non-melanoma skincancers, clonal progression and timing of different mutationsand deletions. Conventional gel based DNA sequencing andfragment analysis of microsatellite markers were utilized forthis purpose. In addition, a sequence-specific PCR-mediatedartifact is discussed.

Pyrosequencing, a bioluminometric technique based onsequencing-by-synthesis, has been utilized to determinemutation ratios in the p53 gene. In addition, in the case ofmultiple mutations, pyrosequencing was adopted to determineallelic distribution of mutations without the use of cloningprocedures. Exons 5 to 8 of the p53 gene were also sequenced bythis method.

The possibility of typing single base variations bypyrosequencing has been evaluated. Two different nucleotidedispensation orders were investigated and data were comparedwith the predicted pattern for each alternative of the variableposition. Analysis of loss of heterozygosity was possible byutilizing single nucleotide polymorphisms.

A modified allele-specific extension strategy for genotypingof single nucleotide polymorphisms has been developed. Throughthe use of a real-time bioluminometric assay, it has beendemonstrated that reaction kinetics for a mismatchedprimer-template is slower than the matched configuration,butthe end-point signals are comparable. By introduction ofapyrase, the problems associated with mismatch extensions havebeen circumvented and accurate data has been obtained.

Keywords:fragment analysis, microsatellite, loss ofheterozygosity, DNA sequencing, pyrosequencing, cancer,mutation, variation, single nucleotide polymorphism,allele-specific extension, bioluminescence, apyrase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2001. , 58 p.
Keyword [en]
LOH, microsatellite, fragment analysis, DNA sequencing, pyrosequencing, cancer, mutation, variation, SNP, allele-specific extension, apyrase
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3113ISBN: 91-7283-062-XOAI: diva2:8875
Public defence
2001-03-30, 00:00 (English)
QC 20100415 NR 20140805Available from: 2001-03-21 Created: 2001-03-21 Last updated: 2010-04-28Bibliographically approved

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