Fluid structure interaction
2015 (English)In: International Water Power and Dam Construction, ISSN 0306-400X, E-ISSN 1538-6414, no 8, 40-45 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study is to investigate how Fluid-Structure interaction may beincluded in numerical earthquake analyses of dams. The basis for this project is theme Afrom ICOLDs 12th international benchmark workshop on numerical analysis of dams,which was held in October 2013. The focus of theme A was on how to account for fluidstructure interaction in numerical earthquake analyses of dams. In this study, parametricnumerical analyses have been performed where the purpose was to isolate someimportant parameters and investigate how these influence the results in seismic analysesof dams. These analyses were performed through the use of the finite element methodare the choice of Rayleigh damping parameters, reservoir boundaries and waveabsorption in the foundation-reservoir interface. The use of acoustic elements has proven to be a powerful approach for FSI analyses of adam-reservoir-computation time, while allowing for more advanced features such as bottom absorptionand non-be a challenging task, where it has a significant impact on the results. The methodproposed by Spears and Jensen has a physical meaning in the sense that this methodexcites the same e ective mass for the Rayleigh damped case as for the modal dampedcase. If a constant modal damping is desired or prescribed in a standard, this methodprovides a reasonable and sound method to choose the Rayleigh damping parameters fora complex structure. A more straightforward method is to choose the two frequencies insuch a way that the span between the frequencies covers about 80% of the e ective mass.The choice of reservoir boundary conditionsparameter showed to be the one that least a ected the results in the time-history analysis.results and this coe cient should be used carefully.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. no 8, 40-45 p.
Seismic, Fluid-structure interaction, Arch dam, Finite element analysis
Infrastructure Engineering Other Civil Engineering
Research subject Civil and Architectural Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179829OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-179829DiVA: diva2:889831
QC 201601212015-12-282015-12-282016-01-21Bibliographically approved