Lean implementation, work environment and sustainability
2015 (English)In: Sustainable Development in Organizations: Studies on Innovative Practices / [ed] Elg, M., Ellström, P-E., Klofsten, M., and Tillmar, M, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, 29-41 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Lean is introduced in industry as well as in the public sector. Previous research has criticized Lean for creating bad working conditions. Also sustainability of organizational changes is claimed to be low. The aim of this chapter is to describe consequences for working conditions and sustainability as a result of implementations of Lean in manufacturing industry and in the public sector. A second aim is to give examples of the type of knowledge produced in an interactive research approach and to discuss the use of interactive research when implementing Lean. Two programs for implementing Lean were assessed through interactive research. The research showed that there is a huge variation between organizations regarding how Lean is interpreted, how it is implemented, and also regarding the outcomes. The majority of the employees in the manufacturing companies experienced that Lean meant improved working conditions, e.g. more participation, learning and development. However they also experienced more stress and repetitive work. For the public organizations, the employees experienced on average that the working conditions had deteriorated. Sustainability of the changes was also substantially lower than for the manufacturing companies. The interactive research approach enabled deep access to a broad sample of organizations and contributed to better relevance and validity of the research results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015. 29-41 p.
business and management, management and sustainability, organisational innovation, organisation studies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179855DOI: 10.4337/9781784716899.00008ISI: 000374407200003ISBN: 9781784716882OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-179855DiVA: diva2:890537
QC 201602012016-01-042016-01-042016-09-02Bibliographically approved