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Indirect Rebound and Reverse Rebound Effects in the ICT-sector and Emissions of CO2
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms). KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms). KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
2015 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF ENVIROINFO AND ICT FOR SUSTAINABILITY 2015, 2015, 66-73 p.Conference paper (Refereed)Text
Abstract [en]

It has been suggested that the ICT sector has a large potential of reducing environmental impacts in society through enabling smarter and more efficient solutions. Some of this potential may however be offset by different types of rebound and other indirect effects. There are a number of different types of rebound and other indirect effects that can be relevant. Some of them may lead to positive environmental impacts; others may lead to negative impacts. In this paper we have analysed the indirect rebound effects for the ICT-sector and also what we here call the reverse rebound effect. We have used Environmentally Extended Input-Output Analysis with data for Sweden. The results in this paper indicate that rebound effects can be significant. If efficiency improvements occur in the production of the ICT equipment, there could be a strong rebound effect which would reduce the potential decrease of emissions that could occur without the rebound effect. If on the other hand, efficiency improvements concern the electricity used by the ICT equipment, the rebound effect is expected to be smaller, and real emission reductions could be expected. The total spending on ICT products have increased and this could lead to a reversed rebound effect when less is consumed of other products and services. The results here suggest that this reversed rebound effect could be significant and lead to overall reduced emissions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. 66-73 p.
Series
, ACSR-Advances in Comptuer Science Research, ISSN 2352-538X ; 22
Keyword [en]
indirect rebound, reveresed rebound, ICT, CO2, environmentally extended input-output (EEIO) analysis
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179623ISI: 000365044700008ISBN: 978-94-62520-92-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-179623DiVA: diva2:892679
Conference
Joint Conference on 29th International Conference on Informatics for Environmental Protection / 3rd International Conference on ICT for Sustainability (EnviroInfo and ICT4S), SEP 07-09, 2015, Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, DENMARK
Note

QC 20160111

Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2015-12-17 Last updated: 2016-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Hakansson, CeciliaFinnveden, Göran
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Environmental Strategies Research (fms)Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC
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