Oscillatory superfluid Ekman pumping in helium II and neutron stars
2015 (English)In: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 783, 251-282 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The linear response of a superfluid, rotating uniformly in a cylindrical container and threaded with a large number of vortex lines, to an impulsive increase in the angular velocity of the container is investigated. At zero temperature and with perfect pinning of vortices to the top and bottom of the container, we demonstrate that the system oscillates persistently with a frequency proportional to the vortex line tension parameter to the quarter power. This low-frequency mode is generated by a secondary flow analogous to classical Ekman pumping that is periodically reversed by the vortex tension in the boundary layers. We compare analytic solutions to the two-fluid equations by Chandler & Bay in (J. Low Temp. Phys., vol. 62, 1986, pp. 119-142) with the spin-up experiments by Tsakadze & Tsakadze (J. Low Temp. Phys., vol. 39, 19)0, pp. 649-688) in helium II and find that the frequency agrees within a factor of four, although the experiment is not perfectly suited to the application of linear theory. We argue that this oscillatory Ekman pumping mode, and not Tkachenko modes, provides a natural explanation for the observed oscillation. In neutron stars, the oscillation period depends on the pinning interaction between neutron vortices and flux tubes in the outer core. Using a simplified pinning model, we demonstrate that strong pinning can accommodate modes with periods of days to years, which are only weakly damped by mutual friction over longer time scales.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2015. Vol. 783, 251-282 p.
geophysical and geological flows, quantum fluids, rotating flows
Other Physics Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179607DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2015.553ISI: 000365009700011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84945193109OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-179607DiVA: diva2:893094
QC 201601122016-01-122015-12-172016-01-28Bibliographically approved