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Clay nanopaper as multifunctional brick and mortar fire protection coating: Wood case study
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Biocomposites. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8547-9046
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Biocomposites. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5818-2378
2016 (English)In: Materials & design, ISSN 0264-1275, E-ISSN 1873-4197, Vol. 93, 357-363 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Text
Abstract [en]

Abstract Wood is one of the most sustainable, esthetically pleasing and environmentally benign engineering materials, and is often used in structures found in buildings. Unfortunately, the fire hazards related to wood are limiting its application. The use of transparent cellulose nanofiber (CNF)/clay nanocomposites, with unique brick-and-mortar structure, is proposed as a sustainable and efficient fire protection coating for wood. Fire performance was assessed by cone calorimetry. When exposed to the typical 35 kW/m2 heat flux of developing fires, the time to ignition of coated wood samples increased up to about 4 1/2 min, while the maximum average rate of heat emission (MARHE) was decreased by 46% thus significantly reducing the potential fire threat from wood structures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 93, 357-363 p.
Keyword [en]
Nanocomposite, Cellulose, Nanofiber, Fire retardant, Cone calorimetry
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Research subject
Materials Science and Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180362DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.12.140ISI: 000369587500040Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84957812821OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-180362DiVA: diva2:893514
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , RMA11-0065
Note

QC 20160208. QC 20160304

Available from: 2016-01-12 Created: 2016-01-12 Last updated: 2016-03-04Bibliographically approved

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Carosio, FedericoMedina, LilianBerglund, Lars A.
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