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Socio-Economic Sustainability of Rural Energy Access in India
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Rural energy access has been a persistent issue in India causing the country to become one of the most energy poor nations of the world. Despite the launch of several heavily funded programs for the provision of electricity and modern fuels to rural areas, majority of the country‘s village households remain neglected and deficient in energy. Calls have been made for the reconstruction of policies, programs and institutional frameworks that engage in dispersion of energy to the rural poor. Such policies, programs and institutional frameworks vary across different states within India. These differences need to be understood in depth to formulate suitable mechanisms for energy access. In particular, social and economic aspects of energy access need to be studied to overcome barriers in providing energy to the rural poor. This study discerns how different states are performing in terms of providing sustainable energy access to rural people. It conducts an analysis of the socio-economic sustainability of energy access to the rural household in six states of the country (Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan and West Bengal) over the course of two time periods(1996-2002, 2005-2011), with the aid of key performance indicators. Results indicate that all the states have improved their energy access conditions over the past few decades. However, the rates of growth are vastly different and some states still continue to remain highly inadequate in their performances. Punjab has consistently been the most successful state while West Bengal continues to be the most energy-poor state despite a reasonable growth in energy sustainability. The possible reasoning behind these disparities could be dissimilarity in economic development between the states, size and population density of the states, isolation of villages and ineffectiveness and inequity of subsidy schemes. These needs further exploration at individual state level. Transition to less-expensive and easily installable renewable technologies, communicating benefits of modern energy to rural population and channeling subsidies towards lower income groups can improve reach of modern energy towards the rural poor of India.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 50 p.
Keyword [en]
Energy access, Indian states, rural areas, domestic sector, key performance indicators, Socio-economic Energy Sustainability Index
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180366OAI: diva2:893950
Subject / course
Energy and Climate Studies
2014-12-15, HPT library, The Department of Energy Technology, Brinellvägen 68, 114 28 Stockholm, Sweden, Stockholm, 14:30 (English)
Available from: 2016-01-18 Created: 2016-01-13 Last updated: 2016-01-18Bibliographically approved

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Master of Science Thesis EGI-2016-002MSC(879 kB)175 downloads
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Udayakumar, Suhasini
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