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Oxidation of Fe(110) in oxygen gas at 400 °c
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0483-0602
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1631-4293
2016 (English)In: Surface Science, ISSN 0039-6028, E-ISSN 1879-2758, Vol. 644, 172-179 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

The initial oxidation of Fe(110) in oxygen gas at 400 °C beyond initial adsorbate structures has been studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, low-energy electron diffraction, and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Formation of several ordered phases of surface oxides is observed at oxygen coverages between approximately 2.3 and 3.5 oxygen atoms/Fe(110) surface atom. Initially, a FeO(111)-like film is formed with a parallelogram-shaped moiré pattern. It has two mirror domains that are formed symmetrically around the growth direction of a zigzag-shaped adsorbate structure. With increased local oxygen coverage, the moiré structure transforms into a ball-shaped form. Both these moiré structures have equal atomic stacking at the surface and equal apparent height in STM, suggesting oxygen ions diffusing into the film upon oxidation and that the oxide growth takes place at the iron-iron oxide interface. The FeO(111)-like film turns into a Fe3O4(111)-like film with a triangular bistable surface termination as the oxidation proceeds further. The FeO(111)-like film growth proceeds according to the Frank-van der Merwe mechanism while the Fe3O4(111)-like film grows according to the Stranski-Krastanov mechanism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 644, 172-179 p.
Keyword [en]
Fe(110), Iron oxide thin film, Low-energy electron diffraction, Photoelectron spectroscopy, Scanning tunneling microscopy
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180936DOI: 10.1016/j.susc.2015.10.058ISI: 000367489000027Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84949494103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-180936DiVA: diva2:897601
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Dnr 2012.0321Swedish Research Council, 621-2008-576
Note

QC 20160205

Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2016-11-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Transition metal oxide surfaces: Surface structures and molecular interaction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transition metal oxide surfaces: Surface structures and molecular interaction
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Metal oxides are both corrosion products and useful materials with a wide range of applications. Two of the most used metals today are iron and copper. In this thesis, surface structures and molecular interaction with surfaces of iron oxides and copper oxides are studied using spectroscopy and microscopy methods.

 

The surface structures of iron oxides grown on the low-index iron (Fe) surfaces (100) and (110) have been studied during the initial oxidation phase. The oxidation condition for both iron surfaces was 400 °C and 1×10−6 mbar of oxygen gas. For the Fe(100)-surface, a Fe3O4(100)-film is formed beyond the oxygen adsorbate structures. For the Fe(110)-surface, a FeO(111)-film is first formed. When the FeO(111)-film grows thicker, it transforms into a Fe3O4(111)-film.

 

The surface structures of Cu2O(100) was studied and the main finding is that the most common surface structure that previously in literature has been described to have a periodicity of (3√2×√2)R45° actually has a periodicity described by the matrix (3,0;1,1). Furthermore, the low-binding energy component in the photoelectron spectroscopy O 1s-spectrum is determined to origin from surface oxygen atoms.

 

Sulfur dioxide, a corrosive molecule that in the environment to large share comes from human activities such as burning of fossil fuels, was studied using photoelectron spectroscopy when interacting with surfaces of iron oxide thin films and bulk Cu2O-surfaces. On the iron oxide thin film surfaces under ultra-high vacuum conditions, sulfur dioxide adsorbs partly as SO4-species and partly dissociates and forms FeS2. On the Cu2O-surfaces under ultra-high vacuum conditions, the adsorption of sulfur dioxide is non-dissociative and forms SO3-species. When interacting with near-ambient pressures of water, it is observed in the photoelectron spectroscopy S 2p-region that the sulfur from SO3-species shifts to Cu2S.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. 68 p.
Series
TRITA-ICT, 2016:36
National Category
Physical Sciences Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-196130 (URN)978-91-7729-176-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-12-16, Sal C, Kistagången 16, Kista, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20161114

Available from: 2016-11-17 Created: 2016-11-11 Last updated: 2016-11-17Bibliographically approved

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