Experimental investigation of particulate debris spreading in a pool
2016 (English)In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 297, 208-219 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Termination of severe accident progression by core debris cooling in a deep pool of water under reactor vessel is considered in several designs of light water reactors. However, success of this accident mitigation strategy is contingent upon the effectiveness of heat removal by natural circulation from the debris bed. It is assumed that a porous bed will be formed in the pool in the process of core melt fragmentation and quenching. Debris bed coolability depends on its properties and system conditions. The properties of the bed, including its geometry are the outcomes of the debris bed formation process. Spreading of the debris particles in the pool by two-phase turbulent flows induced by the heat generated in the bed can affect the shape of the bed and thus influence its coolability. The goal of this work is to provide experimental data on spreading of solid particles in the pool by large-scale two-phase flow. The aim is to provide data necessary for understanding of separate effects and for development and validation of models and codes. Validated codes can be then used for prediction of debris bed formation under prototypic severe accident conditions. In PDS-P (Particulate Debris Spreading in the Pool) experiments, air injection at the bottom of the test section is employed as a means to create large-scale flow in the pool in isothermal conditions. The test section is a rectangular tank with a 2D slice geometry, it has fixed width (72 mm), adjustable length (up to 1.5 m) and allows water filling to the depth of up to 1 m. Variable pool length and depth allows studying two-phase circulating flows of different characteristic sizes and patterns. The average void fraction in the pool is determined by video recording and subsequent image processing. Particles are supplied from the top of the facility above the water surface. Results of several series of PDS-P experiments are reported in this paper. The influence of the gas flow rate, pool dimensions, particle density and size on spreading of the particles is addressed. A preliminary scaling approach is proposed and shown to provide good agreement with the experimental findings.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 297, 208-219 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180933DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2015.11.039ISI: 000369167700022ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84951121625OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-180933DiVA: diva2:897781
FunderSwedish Radiation Safety Authority
QC 20160126. QC 201603042016-01-262016-01-252016-03-04Bibliographically approved