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Optimal fibre architecture of soft-matrix ballistic laminates
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Lightweight Structures. Engineering Department, University of Cambridge, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Impact Engineering, ISSN 0734-743X, E-ISSN 1879-3509, Vol. 88, 227-237 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Soft-matrix ballistic laminates (such as those composed of fibres of Ultra High Molecular-Weight Polyethylene, e.g. Dyneema® HB26 and Spectra Shield) find extensive use as catching type armour systems. The relationship between the lay-up of these laminates with respect to the observed failure mechanisms has not been empirically investigated in the open literature, and is the subject of this work. Lay-ups are characterised by two parameters: (i) sequencing (or interply lay-up angle) θ¯ and (ii) in-plane anisotropy β, and can be mapped on to θ¯-β space. Four geometries that lie at the extrema of this parameter space are designed, built and tested. Testing is through ball bearing impact on circular clamped plates. The anisotropy (β) is coupled to the macroscopic response of the plates, while sequencing (θ¯) is coupled to the microscopic response. Penetration velocity is strongly affected by pull-out at the boundary, and in the present study this is shown to account for two-thirds of the ballistic resistance. The results have implications for validation testing on scaled samples, predictive modelling and simulation, and armour design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 88, 227-237 p.
Keyword [en]
Ballistics, Composite, Fibres, Laminates, Lay-up
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180924DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2015.10.012ISI: 000367861600018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84946763464OAI: diva2:897832

QC 20160126. QC 20160205

Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2016-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Kazemahvazi, Sohrab
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