Active corrosion protection by conductive composites of polyaniline in a UV-cured polyester acrylate coating
2016 (English)In: Progress in organic coatings, ISSN 0300-9440, E-ISSN 1873-331X, Vol. 90, 154-162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Polyaniline doped with phosphoric acid (PANI-PA) was synthesized and characterized by impedance and Raman spectroscopy. Exposure to UV-light resulted in a slight decrease in the PANI's electrical conductivity and no significant change in the oxidation state (of an emeraldine salt). Composite coatings containing 0, 1, 3 and 5 wt.% PANI-PA in a UV-curable polyester acrylate (PEA) resin were prepared and applied on polished carbon steel. Closely packed PANI-PA particles of several tens of nanometers were observed inside the composite coating by scanning electron microscopy, and a connected conductive network across the film was detected by Peak Force TUNA atomic force-microscopy. The evolution of open circuit potential and impedance data during long-term exposure to 3 wt.% NaCI electrolyte revealed that the short-term barrier-type corrosion protection provided by the insulating PEA coating can be turned into a long-term and active protection by addition of as little as 1 wt.% PANI-PA to the formulation. Stable ennoblement in the corrosive media was observed for the coatings containing conducting polymer up to 3 wt.%. However, higher content of PANI-PA (5 wt.%) led to poorer protective properties, probably due to the hydrophilicity of PANI-PA facilitating water transport in the coating and the presence of potentially weaker spots in the film. An iron oxide layer was found to fully cover the metal surface beneath the coatings containing PANI-PA after final failure observed by electrochemical testing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 90, 154-162 p.
Conductive composite coating, Polyaniline, Active corrosion protection, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180980DOI: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2015.10.008ISI: 000367108200016ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84951816437OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-180980DiVA: diva2:898546
Updated from Manuscript to Article.
QC 201601282016-01-282016-01-262016-02-02Bibliographically approved