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The potential clinical value of contrast-enhanced echocardiography beyond current recommendations
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4757-7232
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2016 (English)In: Cardiovascular Ultrasound, ISSN 1476-7120, E-ISSN 1476-7120, Vol. 14, 2Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Background: Contrast agents are used in resting echocardiography to opacify the left ventricular (LV) cavity and to improve LV endocardial border delineation in patients with suboptimal image quality. If a wider use of contrast-enhanced echocardiography would be adopted instead of the current selective approach, diagnoses such as myocardial ischemia and LV structural abnormalities could potentially be detected earlier. The aim was therefore to retrospectively investigate if contrast- enhanced echocardiography beyond the current recommendations for contrast agent usage affects assessment of wall motion abnormalities, ejection fraction (EF) and detection of LV structural abnormalities. A secondary aim was to evaluate the user dependency during image analysis. Methods: Experienced readers (n = 4) evaluated wall motion score index (WMSI) and measured EF on greyscale and contrast-enhanced images from 192 patients without indications for contrast-enhanced echocardiography. Additionally, screening for LV structural abnormalities was performed. Repeated measurements were performed in 20 patients by the experienced as well as by inexperienced (n = 2) readers. Results: Contrast analysis resulted in significantly higher WMSI compared to greyscale analysis (p < 0.003). Of the 83 patients, classified as healthy by greyscale analysis, 55 % were re-classified with motion abnormalities by contrast analysis. No significant difference in EF classification (>= 55 %, 45-54 %, 30-44 %, < 30 %) was observed. LV structural abnormalities, such as increased trabeculation (n = 21), apical aneurysm (n = 4), hypertrophy (n = 1) and thrombus (n = 1) were detected during contrast analysis. Intra- and interobserver variability for experienced readers as well as the variability between inexperienced and experienced readers decreased for WMSI and EF after contrast analysis. Conclusions: Contrast-enhanced echocardiography beyond current recommendations for contrast agent usage increased the number of detected wall motion and LV structural abnormalities. Moreover, contrast- enhanced echocardiography increased reproducibility for assessment of WMSI and EF.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2016. Vol. 14, 2
Keyword [en]
Contrast agent, Echocardiography, Wall motion score index, Ejection fraction
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180963DOI: 10.1186/s12947-015-0045-0ISI: 000367428000002PubMedID: 26729298ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84959525597OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-180963DiVA: diva2:898832
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QC 20160129

Available from: 2016-01-29 Created: 2016-01-26 Last updated: 2016-01-29Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, Malin K.Winter, ReidarBjällmark, Anna
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