Nuclear power in the 21st century: Challenges and possibilities
2016 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, no Suppl. 1, 38-49 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
The current situation and possible future developments for nuclear power—including fission and fusion processes—is presented. The fission nuclear power continues to be an essential part of the low-carbon electricity generation in the world for decades to come.
There are breakthrough possibilities in the development of new generation nuclear reactors where the life-time of the nuclear waste can be reduced to some hundreds of years instead of the present time-scales of hundred thousand of years. Research on the fourth generation reactors is needed for the realisation of this development. For the fast nuclear reactors, a substantial research and development effort is required in many fields—from material sciences to safety demonstration—to attain the envisaged goals. Fusion provides a long-term vision for an efficient energy production. The fusion option for a nuclear reactor for efficient production of electricity has been set out in a focussed European programme including the international project of ITER after which a fusion electricity DEMO reactor is envisaged.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 45, no Suppl. 1, 38-49 p.
Fission, Fusion, Fusion plasma physics, Nuclear power, Nuclear waste, Reactor physics
Research subject Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181327DOI: 10.1007/s13280-015-0732-yISI: 000366623100006PubMedID: 26667059ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84950281569OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-181327DiVA: diva2:899226
QC 201602242016-02-012016-02-012016-03-01Bibliographically approved