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Nuclear power in the 21st century: Challenges and possibilities
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Atomic and Molecular Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7389-5501
2016 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, no Suppl. 1, 38-49 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current situation and possible future developments for nuclear power—including fission and fusion processes—is presented. The fission nuclear power continues to be an essential part of the low-carbon electricity generation in the world for decades to come.

There are breakthrough possibilities in the development of new generation nuclear reactors where the life-time of the nuclear waste can be reduced to some hundreds of years instead of the present time-scales of hundred thousand of years. Research on the fourth generation reactors is needed for the realisation of this development. For the fast nuclear reactors, a substantial research and development effort is required in many fields—from material sciences to safety demonstration—to attain the envisaged goals. Fusion provides a long-term vision for an efficient energy production. The fusion option for a nuclear reactor for efficient production of electricity has been set out in a focussed European programme including the international project of ITER after which a fusion electricity DEMO reactor is envisaged.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 45, no Suppl. 1, 38-49 p.
Keyword [en]
Fission, Fusion, Fusion plasma physics, Nuclear power, Nuclear waste, Reactor physics
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181327DOI: 10.1007/s13280-015-0732-yISI: 000366623100006PubMedID: 26667059Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84950281569OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-181327DiVA: diva2:899226
Note

QC 20160224

Available from: 2016-02-01 Created: 2016-02-01 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Rachlew (Källne), Elisabeth

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