Is the small-scale magnetic field correlated with the dynamo cycle?
2016 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 816, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The small-scale magnetic field is ubiquitous at the solar surface - even at high latitudes. From observations we know that this field is uncorrelated (or perhaps even weakly anticorrelated) with the global sunspot cycle. Our aim is to explore the origin, and particularly the cycle dependence, of such a phenomenon using three-dimensional dynamo simulations. We adopt a simple model of a turbulent dynamo in a shearing box driven by helically forced turbulence. Depending on the dynamo parameters, large-scale (global) and small-scale (local) dynamos can be excited independently in this model. Based on simulations in different parameter regimes, we find that, when only the large-scale dynamo is operating in the system, the small-scale magnetic field generated through shredding and tangling of the large-scale magnetic field is positively correlated with the global magnetic cycle. However, when both dynamos are operating, the small-scale field is produced from both the small-scale dynamo and the tangling of the large-scale field. In this situation, when the large-scale field is weaker than the equipartition value of the turbulence, the small-scale field is almost uncorrelated with the large-scale magnetic cycle. On the other hand, when the large-scale field is stronger than the equipartition value, we observe an anticorrelation between the small-scale field and the large-scale magnetic cycle. This anticorrelation can be interpreted as a suppression of the small-scale dynamo. Based on our studies we conclude that the observed small-scale magnetic field in the Sun is generated by the combined mechanisms of a small-scale dynamo and tangling of the large-scale field.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics (IOP), 2016. Vol. 816, no 1
dynamo, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), Sun, magnetic fields, sunspots, turbulence
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181469DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/816/1/28ISI: 000368225100028ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84953284532OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-181469DiVA: diva2:899676
QC 201602022016-02-022016-02-022016-02-24Bibliographically approved