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Distributed, integrated and interactive traffic simulations
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3416-4535
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1126-3781
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 2015 Winter Simulation Conference / [ed] L. Yilmaz, W. K. V. Chan, I. Moon, T. M. K. Roeder, C. Macal, and M. D. Rossetti, IEEE , 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Mainstream discourse in urban planning is in transition, due to shifts from a technical to a communicativeperspective, and increased scrutiny and criticism of models and simulations. The cognizance of complexityin urban systems is imposing limitations on modeling. The added benefits of today’s data and compu-tational power make simulations harder to validate and understand. Reconciling the movements towardsa communicative and exploratory approach as compared to a technical and predictive approach requiresnew methods for planning process and posits new requirements and functions for simulations. Based ondistributed simulation and gaming simulation, the paper presents a framework to support the exploration ofsimulated and realistic virtual worlds in a participatory fashion, enabling new approaches to urban planning.The development and evaluation of the framework casts simulations in a new perspective and explores thecontext of use of simulations in planning and design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2015.
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181769DOI: 10.1109/WSC.2015.7408288Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84962787316ISBN: 978-146739743-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-181769DiVA: diva2:899990
Conference
2015 Winter Simulation Conference
Note

QC 20160302

Available from: 2016-02-02 Created: 2016-02-02 Last updated: 2017-06-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Integrating Computational and Participatory Simulations for Design in Complex Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrating Computational and Participatory Simulations for Design in Complex Systems
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The understanding and conceptualization of cities and its constituent systems such as transportation and healthcare as open and complex is shifting the debates around the technical and communicative rationales of planning. Viewing cities in a holistic manner presents methodological challenges, where our understanding of complexity is applied in a tangible fashion to planning processes. Bridging the two rationales in the tools and methodologies of planning is necessary for the emergence of a 'non-linear rationality' of planning, one that accounts for and is premised upon complexity. Simulations representing complex systems provide evidence and support for planning, and have the potential to serve as an interface between the more abstract and political decision making and the material city systems.

Moving beyond current planning methods, this thesis explores the role of simulations in planning. Recognizing the need for holistic representations, the thesis integrates multiple disparate simulations into a holistic whole achieving complex representations of systems. These representations are then applied and studied in an interactive environment to address planning problems in different contexts. The thesis contributes an approach towards the development of complex representations of systems; improvements on participatory methods to integrate computational simulations; a nuanced understanding of the relative value of simulation constructs; technologies and frameworks that facilitate the easy development of integrated simulations that can support participatory planning processes.

The thesis develops contributions through experiments which involved problems and stakeholders from real world systems. The approach towards development of integrated simulations is realized in an open source framework. The framework creates computationally efficient, scalable and interactive simulations of complex systems, which used in a participatory manner delivers tangible plans and designs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 43 p.
Series
TRITA-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2017:9
Keyword
distributed simulations, interactive, participatory, gaming, complexity theory, fidelity
National Category
Computer Systems
Research subject
Technology and Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-208170 (URN)978-91-7729-466-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-08-25, Lecture Hall T1, Hälsovägen 11C, Huddinge, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 609042
Note

QC 20170602

Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttp://www.informs-sim.org/wsc15papers/179.pdf

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