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Numerical model for non-grouted borehole heat exchangers: Part 2-Evaluation
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3490-1777
2016 (English)In: Geothermics, ISSN 0375-6505, E-ISSN 1879-3576, Vol. 59, 134-144 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

In this paper a simplified and not fully discretized numerical model is used to simulate the performance of a non-grouted (water filled) borehole heat exchanger (BHE). The model enables simulation of the initial transient behavior of a BHE and gives transparent insight into the heat transfer mechanism acting during the startup and operation of the BHE installation. To account for the thermal effect of natural convection that arises in non-grouted BHEs, the model is complemented with a Nusselt-correlation. The model is presented in detail in Holmberg et al. (2014) and in the present paper it is evaluated based on distributed temperature measurements from Acuna (2010). The measurements were obtained during a distributed thermal response test (DTRT) and during heat pump operation, both on a 261 m deep borehole equipped with a U-tube collector and a distributed temperature sensing system. Despite the simplifications involved with the model, it agrees well with the measured data even on a time scale on the order of minutes. The Nusselt number related to natural convection in the borehole was found to be 6.4 during the DTRT and 3.68 during heat pump operation. This indicates the large differences in the borehole thermal resistance during heat injection and heat extraction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 59, 134-144 p.
Keyword [en]
Ground source heat pump, Borehole heat exchanger, Natural convection, Simulation, Numerical
National Category
Environmental Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181369DOI: 10.1016/j.geothermics.2014.11.002ISI: 000367777200012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84923280568OAI: diva2:900311

QC 20160203

Available from: 2016-02-03 Created: 2016-02-01 Last updated: 2016-02-29Bibliographically approved

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