Eutectoids with cementite as the major constituent in Fe-C-M alloys
2016 (English)In: Acta Materialia, ISSN 1359-6454, E-ISSN 1873-2453, Vol. 103, 280-289 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The addition of a third element to hypereutectoid Fe-C alloys may cause inclusions of a minor constituent in the precipitate of cementite from austenite even if the initial austenite is supersaturated only with cementite. Cementite will often become the major constituent of this kind of microstructure. For Fe-C-Cu alloys this has been explained as the result of precipitation from supersaturated cementite. An alternative mechanism could be that the mixture of cementite and a minor constituent forms by simultaneous and cooperative growth of the two phases, i.e., by a reaction that may be regarded as eutectoid. This mechanism has already been applied to explain the occurrence of eutectoid colonies with cementite as the major constituent and a minor constituent for which there was no supersaturation initially. This phenomenon has been observed in hypereutectoid ternary Fe-C alloys with Al, Mn or Si. The necessary requirements on the ordinary isothermal phase diagram are now examined with a graphical method based on the slopes of tie-lines. It predicts the phenomenon in all cases where it has been observed, including Fe-C-Cu and not in the Fe-C-Ni and Fe-C-Cr systems where it has not been observed. The requirements become more evident when the calculated phase equilibria are plotted as an isothermal phase diagram with the alloy content as a function of the carbon activity instead of carbon content. Finally, a comparison is made with bainite in Fe-C alloys where ferrite is the major and cementite the minor constituent. The same two explanations have been proposed for that case.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 103, 280-289 p.
Hypereutectoid steels, Cementite precipitate, Cooperative growth, Porous cementite, Orthopearlite, Divergent pearlite, Bainite
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181436DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2015.09.008ISI: 000367630500028ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84945305124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-181436DiVA: diva2:900514
QC 20160204. QC 201602052016-02-042016-02-022016-02-05Bibliographically approved