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3-D numerical modeling of flow and sediment transport in rivers
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The fully integrated 3-D, time dependant, hydrodynamic and sediment transport numerical model ECOMSED was used to simulate flow and sediment transport in rivers. ECOMSED was originally developed for large water bodies such as lakes and oceans and solves the primitive equations of RANS along with a second order turbulence model in an orthogonal curvilinear σ- coordinate system. The availability of the model as an open FORTRAN source code made modifications and addition of new models possible. A new bed load transport model was implemented in the code as well as improvements in treatment of river roughness parameterization, bed form effects, and automatic update of flow depth due to bed evolution. The model was applied to 1- km long reach of the River Klarälven, Sweden, where it bifurcates into two west and east channels. The water surface and the flow division in the channels were made in agreement with field data by spatially varying the roughness. However, the spatial distribution of the bed shear stress was not realistic. Improvements were made in the bottom boundary condition to represent the variable effects of bed forms on roughness depending on the flow regime and the flow depth. The improved model realistically reproduced the flow field as well as the sediment transport processes in the river Klarälven.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2005. , vi, 25 p.
Trita-LWR. LIC, ISSN 1650-8629 ; 2028
Keyword [en]
Environmental technology, River model; ECOMSED model; River Klarälven; Bed load transport model
Keyword [sv]
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-323OAI: diva2:9009
2005-06-08, E3, Osquars backe 14, Stockholm, 10:00
QC 20101123Available from: 2005-07-25 Created: 2005-07-25 Last updated: 2010-11-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Three dimensional numerical modelling of flow and sediment transport in rivers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Three dimensional numerical modelling of flow and sediment transport in rivers
2007 (English)In: International Journal of Sediment Research, ISSN 1001-6279, Vol. 22, no 3, 188-198 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The 3D numerical model, ECOMSED (open source code), was used to simulate flow and sediment transport in rivers. The model has a long history of successful applications to oceanic, coastal and estuarine waters. Improvements in the advection scheme, treatment of river roughness parameterization and shear stress partitioning were necessary to reproduce realistic and comparable results in a river application. To account for the dynamics of the mobile bed boundary, a model for the bed load transport was included in the code. The model reproduced observed secondary currents, bed shear stress distribution and erosion-deposition patterns on a curved channel. The model also successfully predicted the general flow patterns and sediment transport characteristics of a 1-km long reach of the River Klaralven, located in the north of the county of Varmland, Sweden.

roughness parameterization; numerical models; river flow; sediment transport
National Category
Water Engineering
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8247 (URN)000257209800003 ()2-s2.0-35348934992 (ScopusID)
QC 20100827 Available from: 2008-04-22 Created: 2008-04-22 Last updated: 2010-11-23Bibliographically approved

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