Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE credits
Along with an increase of environmental awareness in Sweden, the usages of green transports
including cycling are increasing. Therefore the prioritization of the design of an attractive and
sustainable transport system would be up to date. Many Swedish cities are planning to
increase cycling by organizing attractive cycle routes, and dense networks. In the same way
that intersections are a natural part of the motor transport network, cycle crossings are a
natural part of the cycle routes. Today, there are some tools in the planning process; rules and
recommendations. However, studies of behavior for Swedish crosswalks and bicycle
crossings are missing. Intersections between modes of transport should be easy to grasp and
easy to use. Interaction zones, including pedestrians and cyclists are expected. The
observations leading to the conclusions and suggestions of this report found that the
interactions mainly occur at the bicycle crossings, which is unwanted and unplanned due to
the danger connected to it.
In order to create a higher level of understanding of the interactions that occur and how to
remedy them, the report has been divided into three parts. The first part is a literature review
of Swedish and international planning ideals, where the focus was on identifying other
countries' solutions of bicycle crossings. The second part, an observational study aimed to
identify the types of interactions that occurred and why they occur. In this study, four
common signal-controlled crossings in Stockholm were observed. Thereby, the study should
be useful in places other than in Stockholm. The last part is a regression analysis, i.e a
statistical investigation of factors affecting bicycle crossings accessibility; in this case it is
limited to the cyclists' speeds.
The result shows that the deficiencies in the design partly were a cause of pedestrians using
the crossing instead of the crosswalk. Another reason was that pedestrian and cycle paths are
not naturally connected to the crosswalk or crossing. Certain crossings offer multiple accesses
to the waiting surface, creating confusion amongst the users. The planning ideals for the
studied countries are in many cases quite different from Swedish methods. In some cases the
cyclists shared intersection with motor vehicles and in other cases they were completely
separated from pedestrians. The examination and comparison of successful international
tendencies are valuable when constructing secure and efficient Swedish bicycle crossings,
even though experiences and behaviors are likely to differ between countries. The regression
analysis resulted in a model with two variables. The factors that affected the speeds were
experience (upplevelse) and time of green signal (gröntid).
The planning of cycle transports must be given higher priority. As of today, Swedish planners
struggle with a major defect when planning bicycle crossings: they have few
recommendations and regulations to start from, meaning that the execution will vary.
Accessibility for cyclists should be given priority in the same way as other modes previously
were prioritized. In order to enforce compliance, the bicycle crossings must be designed in
such way that they are clear to all users
2015. , 83 p.