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Svenska cykelöverfarter, en konfliktdesign?
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Along with an increase of environmental awareness in Sweden, the usages of green transports

including cycling are increasing. Therefore the prioritization of the design of an attractive and

sustainable transport system would be up to date. Many Swedish cities are planning to

increase cycling by organizing attractive cycle routes, and dense networks. In the same way

that intersections are a natural part of the motor transport network, cycle crossings are a

natural part of the cycle routes. Today, there are some tools in the planning process; rules and

recommendations. However, studies of behavior for Swedish crosswalks and bicycle

crossings are missing. Intersections between modes of transport should be easy to grasp and

easy to use. Interaction zones, including pedestrians and cyclists are expected. The

observations leading to the conclusions and suggestions of this report found that the

interactions mainly occur at the bicycle crossings, which is unwanted and unplanned due to

the danger connected to it.

In order to create a higher level of understanding of the interactions that occur and how to

remedy them, the report has been divided into three parts. The first part is a literature review

of Swedish and international planning ideals, where the focus was on identifying other

countries' solutions of bicycle crossings. The second part, an observational study aimed to

identify the types of interactions that occurred and why they occur. In this study, four

common signal-controlled crossings in Stockholm were observed. Thereby, the study should

be useful in places other than in Stockholm. The last part is a regression analysis, i.e a

statistical investigation of factors affecting bicycle crossings accessibility; in this case it is

limited to the cyclists' speeds.

The result shows that the deficiencies in the design partly were a cause of pedestrians using

the crossing instead of the crosswalk. Another reason was that pedestrian and cycle paths are

not naturally connected to the crosswalk or crossing. Certain crossings offer multiple accesses

to the waiting surface, creating confusion amongst the users. The planning ideals for the

studied countries are in many cases quite different from Swedish methods. In some cases the

cyclists shared intersection with motor vehicles and in other cases they were completely

separated from pedestrians. The examination and comparison of successful international

tendencies are valuable when constructing secure and efficient Swedish bicycle crossings,

even though experiences and behaviors are likely to differ between countries. The regression

analysis resulted in a model with two variables. The factors that affected the speeds were

experience (upplevelse) and time of green signal (gröntid).

The planning of cycle transports must be given higher priority. As of today, Swedish planners

struggle with a major defect when planning bicycle crossings: they have few

recommendations and regulations to start from, meaning that the execution will vary.

Accessibility for cyclists should be given priority in the same way as other modes previously

were prioritized. In order to enforce compliance, the bicycle crossings must be designed in

such way that they are clear to all users

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 83 p.
TSC-MT, 15-016
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181922OAI: diva2:901864
Available from: 2016-02-09 Created: 2016-02-09

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