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Modulation Properties of Vertical Cavity Light Emitters
KTH, Superseded Departments, Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

It is estimated that, between the year 2000 and 2003, thenumber of online Internet users will grow from 250 millions to500 millions. This growth results in rapidly increasing demandfor fibre-optic communication bandwidth, occurring at alllevels: from access and local area networks (LANs) tometro-area networks (MANs). A now established solution for manyapplications such as interconnects and Gigabit Ethernet is thevertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL). The advantagesof VCSELs are numerous: low fabrication and coupling costs,large modulation bandwidth, array integration and tunability.VCSEL-based modules, with speed up to 2.5 Gbit/s are nowcommercially available for multimode fibre (MMF) basedapplications. However, devices operating at long wavelength andhigher transmission rates (10Gbit/s and more) will be needed inthe near future.

The purpose of the work presented in this thesis was toobtain an understanding of the high-speed properties of VCSELs,in order to extend the modulation frequency at which they canbe used in fibre optical communication systems. An approach forsystematic high-speed characterisation of VCSELs is presentedand both its potential benefits and problems are discussed. Itis shown that the VCSEL dynamics, under certain conditions, canbe well described by a small number of parameters that can beextracted from small signal measurements and used forfurtheroptimisation. The calibrated small-signal modulation responsesof VCSELs have been measured and fitted to an analyticaltransfer function allowing the estimation of the resonancefrequency, damping factor and parasitic cut-off at differentbias points. This data can be used to determine the relativeimportance of different bandwidth limiting effects due todamping, thermal heating and parasitics.

Small signal analysis and transmission experiments wereperformed with a large sample of VCSELs covering the variousranges of applications. Visible VCSELs and resonant cavitylight emitting diodes (RCLEDs) for very short reach plasticoptical fibre (POF) applications, 850nm datacom VCSELs forshort distance multimode fibre networks, and long wavelengthVCSELs for long haul single mode fibre transmission.

Keywords:Semiconductor lasers, VCSEL, high-speedmodulation, fibre optic networks, datacom, RCLED, plasticoptical fibre

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kista: Mikroelektronik och informationsteknik , 2001. , x, 57 p.
Trita-MVT, ISSN 0348-4467 ; 2001:4
Keyword [en]
Semiconductor lasers, VCSEL, high-speed modulation, fibre optic networks, datacom, RCLED, plastic optical fibre
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3240OAI: diva2:9021
Public defence
NR 20140805Available from: 2001-10-24 Created: 2001-10-24Bibliographically approved

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