Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Microfluidic devices for biotechnology and organic chemical applications
KTH, Superseded Departments, Signals, Sensors and Systems.
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Imagine if you could combine the power and capabilities ofan entire laboratory in the palm of your hand. Advances inmicrofluidic chip technology promise to integrate andminiaturize multiple lab processes into a single palm-sizeddevice. The advantages of these lab-on-a-chip devices,sometimes also referred to as micro total analysis systems(µTAS), compared with conventional bench-scale systems arenumerous and wide ranging and include: less reagentconsumption, low manufacturing costs, increased performance,faster analysis, high sample throughput, integration andautomation possibilities, and disposability. However,microfluidic devices also present challenges such as theinterfacing to the macro world and detection limits.

In this thesis the focus has been to develop novel discretemicrofluidic components for biotechnology and organic chemicalapplications with the goal to integrate them to formlab-on-chips. A flow-through filter-chamber device has beendesigned, manufactured and evaluated for chemical analysis onbeads. Passive liquid handling has been integrated on the chipin the form of hydrophobic valves at the inlet channels. Anarray format has also been developed to allow parallel analysisof multiple samples. The filter-chamber functions well forsingle nucleotide analysis using pyrosequencing. Initialevaluations on catalyst screening in the filter-chamber devicehas been performed.

The suitability of valve-less micropumps for biochemicalapplications is presented. Fluids encountered in variousbiochemical methods, including living cells, that areproblematic for other micropumps have been pumped with goodperformance. This thesis also introduces expandablemicrospheres as a novel component in microfluidics includingapplications such as one-shot valves, micropositioning andsurface enlargement.

A novel technique for bead immobilization in microfluidicdevices based on surface chemistry is presented in this thesis.Beads for both biochemical assays and organic chemistry havebeen self-sorted and self-assembled in line patterns as narrowas 5 µm on both structured and unstructured substrates.This method will greatly facilitate the generation of screeningplatforms, for example.

To develop a microfluidic device for catalysis-on-chip,ligands for asymmetric catalysis have successfully beenimmobilized in silicon channels by consecutive microcontactprinting, which is a novel technique presented in thisthesis.

Keywords:microfluidics, beads, microspheres, silicon,filter-chamber, flow-through, bead trapping, DRIE, passivevalves, fluorocarbon, microfluidic array, adhesive bonding,valve-less micropump, microcontact printing, PDMS,self-assembly, self-sorting, DNA, SNP, pyrosequencing,allele-specific extension, expandable microspheres, catalysis,chiral ligand, monolayer, miniaturization, lab-on-a-chip,µTAS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Signaler, sensorer och system , 2001. , viii, 63 p.
Series
Trita-ILA, ISSN 0281-2878 ; 0101
Keyword [en]
microfluidics, beads, SNP, microfabrication, microcontact printing, self-assembly
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3248ISBN: OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3248DiVA: diva2:9029
Public defence
2001-11-16
Note
NR 20140805Available from: 2001-10-25 Created: 2001-10-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1336 kB)2666 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1336 kBChecksum MD5
5fa75fad9bca8c7c81a23c8d349294876528e6d7acf6075cbf5cc9f38150bc2dffe9c034
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Signals, Sensors and Systems

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 2666 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 818 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf