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Numerical simulation of mixed convection in a porous medium filled with water/Al2 O3 nanofluid
Vellore Institute of Technology, India.
2013 (English)In: Heat Transfer-Asian Research, ISSN 1099-2871, E-ISSN 1523-1496, Vol. 42, no 1, 46-59 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

The present work encloses the application of a Brinkman-extended Darcy model in a problem concerning mixed convection ina lid-driven porous cavity using nanofluids. The transport equations are solved numerically by the finite volume method on a co-located grid arrangement using the Quadratic Upstream Interpolation for Convective Kinematics (QUICK) scheme. The effects of governing parameters, namely, Grashof number (Gr), Darcy number (Da), and solid volume fraction $(\chi)$, on the streamlines and the isotherms are studied. The present results are validated by favorable comparisons with previously published results and are in good agreement with them. The present numerical results show that the addition of nanoparticles to a base fluid has produced an augmentation of the heat transfer coefficient and it is found to increase significantly with an increase of the particle volume concentration. It is observed from the results that at the higher value of the Grashof number (Gr = 104), the average Nusselt number increases with an increase in the Darcy number for a constant solid volume fraction. The detailed results are reported by means of streamlines, isotherms, and Nusselt numbers

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley Periodicals , 2013. Vol. 42, no 1, 46-59 p.
Keyword [en]
nanofluid, mixed convection, lid–driven, finite volume method, porous medium
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-182249DOI: 10.1002/htj.21029ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84871280399OAI: diva2:904163

QC 20160415

Available from: 2016-02-18 Created: 2016-02-18 Last updated: 2016-04-15Bibliographically approved

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Mittal, Nitesh
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