Development of loss models for a high-temperature superconducting tape
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
In the recent years significant progresses in thedevelopment of high-temperature superconductors have been made.It is realistic to believe that power applications, based onthese conductors, in a few years will become available. To beable to utilise the conductors in an optimum way, theunderstanding of their behaviour under application-likecondition is essential. One important parameter that has to beoptimised is the power loss, which means that mathematicalmodels of these losses have to be developed. In a typicalapplication the superconductor is utilised in a coilconfiguration where the actual magnetic field is considerablehigher than for a straight structure. For power frequencies thelosses are dominated by hysteresis losses and flux flowlosses.
In this thesis, mathematical models of the hysteresis andthe flux flow losses as a function of a transport current, anexternal magnetic field, the temperature and the frequency havebeen developed. The transport current and the magnetic field,which are assumed to be proportional to each other, includeboth an ac and a dc component. The models of the hysteresislosses are based on the critical state theory, and for twoidealised geometries, an infinite slab and a thin strip, newexact closed form equations have been derived. The equationsfor the two idealised geometries are then superimposed tofacilitate the description of a more realistic geometry, i.e. asuperconducting tape with a finite width and thickness. Themodel of the flux flow losses is valid for a tape shapedconductor and is based on both measurements and reasonablephysical assumptions. For the development and the validation ofthe models, a calorimetric measurement set-up has been used.From a limited number of relatively simple measurements, thedeveloped models can be adjusted to a certain superconductor,and the power losses for the actual superconductor can bepredicted in considerable more complicated cases.
Keywords:high-temperature superconductor, hysteresislosses, flux flow losses, critical state model, calorimetricmeasurements
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Elektrotekniska system , 2001. , vi, 121 p.
Trita-ETS, ISSN 1650-674X ; 2001-03
high-temperature superconductor, hysteresis losses, flux flow losses, critical state model, calorimetric measurements
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3268ISBN: OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3268DiVA: diva2:9051
NR 201408052001-12-132001-12-13Bibliographically approved