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Activity and composition of ammonia oxidizing bacterial communities and emission dynamics of NH3 and N2O in a compost reactor treating organic household waste
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5979-9521
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2009 (English)In: Journal of Applied Microbiology, ISSN 1364-5072, E-ISSN 1365-2672, Vol. 106, no 5, 1502-1511 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Aims: To monitor emissions of NH3 and N2O during composting and link these to ammonia oxidation rates and the community structure of ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB). Methods and Results: A laboratory-scale compost reactor treating organic household waste was run for 2 months. NH 3 emissions peaked when pH started to increase. Small amounts of N2O and CH4 were also produced. In total, 16% and less than 1% of the initial N was lost as NH3-N and N2O-N respectively. The potential ammonia oxidation rate, determined by a chlorate inhibition assay, increased fourfold during the first 9 days and then remained high. Initially, both Nitrosospira and Nitrosomonas populations were detected using DGGE analysis of AOB specific 16S rRNA fragments. Only Nitrosomonas europaea was detected under thermophilic conditions, but Nitrosospira populations re-established during the cooling phase. Conclusions: Thermophilic conditions favoured high potential ammonia oxidation rates, suggesting that ammonia oxidation contributed to reduced NH3 emissions. Small but significant amounts of N2O were emitted during the thermophilic phase. The significance of different AOBs detected in the compost for ammonia oxidation is not clear. Significance and Impact of Study: This study shows that ammonia oxidation occurs at high temperature composting and therefore most likely reduces NH3 emissions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. Vol. 106, no 5, 1502-1511 p.
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Microbiology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-182619DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2008.04111.xISI: 000264958000010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-64149103032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-182619DiVA: diva2:905208
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QC 20160303

Available from: 2016-02-22 Created: 2016-02-22 Last updated: 2016-03-03Bibliographically approved

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Sundberg, Cecilia
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