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Higher pH and faster decomposition in biowaste composting by increased aeration
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5979-9521
2008 (English)In: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, E-ISSN 1879-2456, Vol. 28, no 3, 518-526 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Composting of source separated municipal biowaste has at several plants in Scandinavia been hampered by low pH. In this study the hypothesis that increased aeration would improve the process was tested in full-scale experiments at two large composting plants. The O2 concentrations were high (>15%) even at the low aeration rates, so the prevailing low pH was not due to an anaerobic process environment. In spite of this, increased aeration rates at the start of the process resulted in higher microbial activity, increased pH and a more stable compost product. At one plant the decomposition rate varied in proportion to the aeration rate, to the extent that the temperatures and O2 concentrations were similar during the early processes even though aeration rates varied between 10 and 50 m3/(h, m3 compost). However, increased aeration caused severe drying of the compost, but at one plant the addition of water was adequate to prevent drying. In conclusion, by increasing the aeration rates and adding water to compensate for drying, it was possible to shorten the time needed to produce a stable compost product and thus to increase the efficiency of the composting plants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2008. Vol. 28, no 3, 518-526 p.
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-182610DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2007.01.011ISI: 000253097600007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-37349040740OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-182610DiVA: diva2:905222
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QC 20160316

Available from: 2016-02-22 Created: 2016-02-22 Last updated: 2016-12-16Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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