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Navigating the transition to sustainable bioenergy in Sweden and Brazil: Lessons learned in a European and International context
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology. (Energy and Climate Studies)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7123-1824
Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Energy Research and Social Science, Vol. 13, 180-193 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper uses a socio-technical approach to explore why the transition towards modern bioenergy has achieved success in some segments and/or countries but not in others. We reflect on the availability of initial socio-technical resources in the form of established platforms, policy motivations, and the roles of different stakeholders. We analyse how socio-technical networks evolved over time in response to enabling policies and interest groups as well as opposition groups in four different bioenergy segments: solid biomass for district heating in Sweden, charcoal for iron and steel industry in Brazil, and ethanol for transport in both countries. The Swedish and Brazilian experiences illustrate the importance of coordinating policies between local and national levels and across sectors in order to advance modern bioenergy platforms. The focus on Sweden—an EU and global bioenergy pioneer—along with Brazil—a recognised global biofuels leader—helps to illustrate the linkages to regional and global markets that are important for European energy transitions. The analysis also emphasizes the need to look beyond the energy sector, considering actors and stakeholders' interests at large, as well as broad boundaries for socio-technical regimes. Our analysis draws on the established literature concerning socio-technical transitions, innovation systems and systems approaches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 13, 180-193 p.
Keyword [en]
sustainable bioenergy, energy transitions, Brazil, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Energy Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183288DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2015.12.021ISI: 000379433700017ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84957442926OAI: diva2:909399

QC 20160331

Available from: 2016-03-06 Created: 2016-03-06 Last updated: 2016-08-23Bibliographically approved

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